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Safe Driving Free CDL Practice Tests
Page 13

Prepare For The Safe Driving Portion Of Your CDL Written Exams

Safe Driving Questions

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The most important thing you can do when dealing with an aggressive driver is:
  • Avoid eye contact
  • Call the police, if necessary and safe to do so
  • Do your best to get out of the way
  • Ignore gestures and don't react to them
Click here to look up the answer

From The CDL Manual

2.10.3 – What You Should Do When Confronted by Aggressive Drivers

  • First and foremost, make every attempt to get out of their way.
  • Put your pride in the back seat. Do not challenge them by speeding up or attempting to hold-your-own in your ` travel lane.
  • Avoid eye contact.
  • Ignore gestures and refuse to react to them.
  • Report aggressive drivers to the appropriate authorities by providing a vehicle description, license number, location and, if possible, direction of travel.
  • If you have a cellphone, and can do it safely, call the police.
  • If an aggressive driver is involved in a crash farther down the road, stop a safe distance from the crash scene, wait for the police to arrive and report the driving behavior that you witnessed.
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When you encounter a driver that appears to be distracted, you should:
  • Maintain a safe distance, and give them plenty of room
  • Pass them as soon as possible
  • Follow them closely to make sure they are OK
  • Pull up next to them and gesture wildly to get their attention
Click here to look up the answer

From The CDL Manual

Give a distracted driver plenty of room and maintain your safe following distance.

Be very careful when passing a driver who seems to be distracted. The other driver may not be aware of your presence, and they may drift in front of you.

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When confronted with an aggressive driver, you should do all of the following except:
  • Do not make eye contact with them
  • Hold-your-own by speeding up to challenge them
  • Avoid reacting to gestures
  • Report them with as much information as you can get
Click here to look up the answer

From The CDL Manual

2.10.3 – What You Should Do When Confronted by Aggressive Drivers

  • First and foremost, make every attempt to get out of their way.
  • Put your pride in the back seat. Do not challenge them by speeding up or attempting to hold-your-own in your ` travel lane.
  • Avoid eye contact.
  • Ignore gestures and refuse to react to them.
  • Report aggressive drivers to the appropriate authorities by providing a vehicle description, license number, location and, if possible, direction of travel.
  • If you have a cellphone, and can do it safely, call the police.
  • If an aggressive driver is involved in a crash farther down the road, stop a safe distance from the crash scene, wait for the police to arrive and report the driving behavior that you witnessed.
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In case of tire failure, all of the following will be steps in your response except:
  • Stay off of the brakes
  • Hold on to the wheel firmly
  • Immediately press hard on the brakes
  • Get out and check the tires
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From The CDL Manual

Respond to Tire Failure:

When a tire fails, your vehicle is in danger. You must immediately:

    Hold the Steering Wheel Firmly —

  • If a front tire fails, it can twist the steering wheel out of your hand. The only way to prevent this is to keep a firm grip on the steering wheel with both hands at all times.
  • Stay Off the Brake —

  • It is natural to want to brake in an emergency. However, braking when a tire has failed could cause loss of control. Unless you are about to drive into something, stay off the brake until the vehicle has slowed down. Then brake very gently, pull off the road and stop.
  • Check the Tires —

  • After you have come to a stop, get out and check all the tires. Do this even if the vehicle seems to be handling normally. If one of your dual tires goes, the only way you may know it is by getting out and looking at it.
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Rims with welding repairs or missing lugs:
  • Can be driven on, but carefully
  • Are dangerous wheel and rim problems
  • Are fine to drive on normally
  • Are fine as long as more than one lug is not missing, and there are less than two weld repairs
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From The CDL Manual

Wheel and Rim Problems:

  • Damaged rims.
  • Rust around wheel/lug nuts may mean the nuts are loose — check tightness. After a tire has been changed, stop a short while later and re-check tightness of nuts.
  • Missing clamps, spacers, studs or lugs means danger.
  • Mismatched, bent or cracked lock rings are dangerous.
  • Wheels or rims that have had welding repairs are not safe.
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Steering wheel play should not be more than:
  • 20 degrees
  • 1 inch
  • 10 degrees
  • 3 inches
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From The CDL Manual

Steering System Defects:

  • Missing nuts, bolts, cotter keys or other parts.
  • Bent, loose or broken parts, such as steering column, steering gear box or tie rods.
  • If power steering equipped, check hoses, pumps and fluid level; check for leaks. (See Figure 2.1.)
  • Steering wheel play of more than 10 degrees (approximately 2 inches movement at the rim of a 20-inch steering wheel) can make it hard to steer.
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The pre-trip inspection should generally include how many steps?
  • 12
  • 4
  • 6
  • 7
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From The CDL Manual

2.1.5 – Seven-step Inspection Method

Method of Inspection: A pre-trip inspection should be conducted the same way each time so the driver will learn all the steps and be less likely to forget something.

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The responsibility for repairing items noted on the pre-trip report that affect safety belongs to:
  • The carrier
  • The shipper
  • The DOT
  • The driver
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From The CDL Manual

STEP 1: Vehicle Overview

Review last vehicle inspection report: Drivers may have to make a vehicle inspection report in writing each day. The motor carrier must repair any items in the report that affect safety and certify on the report that repairs were made or were unnecessary. Drivers must sign the report only if defects were noted and certified to be repaired or not needed to be repaired.

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Which of these are not part of the front pre-trip inspection?
  • Steering mechanism
  • Windshield and wipers
  • Exhaust system
  • Lights and reflectors
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From The CDL Manual

Front:

  • Condition of front axle.
  • Condition of steering system:
    —No loose, worn, bent, damaged or missing parts.
    —Must grab steering mechanism to test for looseness.
  • Condition of windshield:
    —Check for damage and clean if dirty.
    —Check windshield wiper arms for proper spring tension.
    —Check wiper blades for damage, "stiff" rubber and securement.
  • Lights and reflectors:
    —Parking, clearance and identification lights clean, operating and proper color (amber at front).
    —Reflectors clean and proper color (amber at front).
    —Right front turn signal light clean, operating and proper color (amber or white on signals facing forward).
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The pre-trip inspection should show that the exhaust system is:
  • Free of leaks
  • These are all items that should be verified during the pre-trip inspection
  • Not in contact with air and fuel lines, or wires
  • Secure
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From The CDL Manual

Condition of visible parts:

  • Rear of engine — not leaking.
  • Transmission — not leaking.
  • Exhaust system — secure, not leaking, not touching wires, fuel or air lines.
  • Frame and cross members — no bends or cracks.
  • Air lines and electrical wiring — secured against snagging, rubbing and wearing.
  • Spare tire carrier or rack not damaged (if so equipped).
  • Spare tire and/or wheel securely mounted in rack.
  • Spare tire and wheel adequate (proper size, properly inflated).
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