TruckingTruth logo

Driver's Handbook on Cargo Securement - Chapter 2: General Cargo Securement Requirements

General Cargo Securement Requirements

Components of a Securement System - Continued

Edge protection

Edge protection must be used if a tiedown could be cut or torn when touching an article of cargo. The edge protection itself must also resist crushing, cutting, and abrasion.

Left: Use of edge protection Right: Edge protector

Blocking and bracing

Material used

The material used for blocking or bracing and as chocks and cradles must be strong enough to withstand being split or crushed by the cargo or tiedowns.

This requirement also applies to any material used for dunnage.

If wood is used:

  • Hardwood is recommended.
  • It should be properly seasoned.
  • It should be free from rot or decay, knots, knotholes, and splits.

The grain should run lengthwise when using wood for blocking or bracing.

Containing, Immobilizing, and Securing Cargo

To correctly contain, immobilize, or secure cargo, you need to know about:

  • Three ways to transport cargo
  • Loading the cargo properly
  • Restraining the cargo correctly
  • Using adequate securing devices
  • Aggregate Working Load Limit

Note: These requirements cover all types of cargo except: Commodities in bulk that lack structure or fixed shape (for example, liquids, gases, grain, sand, gravel, aggregate, liquid concrete). Commodities that are transported in the structure of a commercial motor vehicle such as a tank, hopper, or box.

Note: The Standard sets forth specific securement requirements for certain loads. When transporting these commodities, you must use the specific requirements for that commodity.

  • Concrete Pipe Loaded Crosswise on a Platform Vehicle
  • Dressed Lumber and Similar Building Products
  • Logs
  • Metal Coils
  • Paper Rolls
  • Automobiles, Light Trucks, and Vans
  • Roll-on/Roll-off, Hook-Lift and Intermodal containers
  • Heavy Vehicles, Equipment, and Machinery
  • Flattened or Crushed Vehicles
  • Large Boulders
Three ways to transport cargo

All types of cargo must meet one of three conditions:

Condition 1: Cargo is fully contained by structures of adequate strength.

Cargo cannot shift or tip

Cargo is restrained against horizontal movement by vehicle structure or by other cargo. Horizontal movement includes forward, rearward, and side to side.

Note: If the cargo is contained in a sided vehicle, the vehicle structure MUST be strong enough to withstand the forces described earlier.

  • Forward force: 0.8 g (80%)
  • Rearward force: 0.5.g (50%)
  • Sideways force: 0.5 g (50%)
Condition 2:

Cargo is immobilized by structures adequate strength or a combination of structure, blocking, and bracing to prevent shifting or tipping.

Condition 3: To prevent shifting or tipping, cargo is immobilized or secured on or within a vehicle by tiedowns along with:
  • Blocking.
  • Bracing.
  • Friction mats.
  • Other cargo.
  • Void fillers.
  • Combination of these.

Related Cargo Securement Terms That Every Driver Should Know:

  • Friction mat:

    A device placed between the deck of a vehicle and car or between articles of cargo, intended to provide greater friction than exists naturally between these surfaces.

  • Void Filler:

    Material used to fill a void between articles of cargo and the structure of the vehicle that has sufficient strength to prevent movement of the articles of cargo.

  • Aggregate Working Load Limit:

    The summation of the working load limits or restraining capacity of all devices used to secure an article on a vehicle.

CDL:

Commercial Driver's License (CDL)

A CDL is required to drive any of the following vehicles:

  • Any combination of vehicles with a gross combined weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 or more pounds, providing the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of the vehicle being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds.
  • Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 or more pounds, or any such vehicle towing another not in excess of 10,000 pounds.
  • Any vehicle, regardless of size, designed to transport 16 or more persons, including the driver.
  • Any vehicle required by federal regulations to be placarded while transporting hazardous materials.

Commercial Motor Vehicle:

A commercial motor vehicle is any vehicle used in commerce to transport passengers or property with either:

  • A gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more
  • A gross combination weight rating of 26,001 pounds or more which includes a towed unit with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 10,000 pounds
  • Intermodal:

    Transporting freight using two or more transportation modes. An example would be freight that is moved by truck from the shipper's dock to the rail yard, then placed on a train to the next rail yard, and finally returned to a truck for delivery to the receiving customer.

    In trucking when you hear someone refer to an intermodal job they're normally talking about hauling shipping containers to and from the shipyards and railyards.

Review Questions - Click On The Picture To Begin...

A device placed between the deck of a vehicle and car or between articles of cargo, intended to provide greater friction than exists naturally between these surfaces is:
  • A chock.
  • A cleat.
  • Void filler.
  • A friction mat.

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Friction mat:

A device placed between the deck of a vehicle and car or between articles of cargo, intended to provide greater friction than exists naturally between these surfaces.

Next
A sided vehicle containing cargo weighing 35,980 lbs must be able to withstand a rearward force of at least:
  • 36,000 lbs
  • 28,784 lbs
  • 17,990 lbs
  • 10,000 lbs

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Note: If the cargo is contained in a sided vehicle, the vehicle structure MUST be strong enough to withstand the forces described earlier.

  • Forward force: 0.8 g (80%)
  • Rearward force: 0.5.g (50%)
  • Sideways force: 0.5 g (50%)
Prev
Next
Aggregate Working Load Limit is defined as:
  • A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s).
  • The maximum load that may be applied to a component of a cargo securement system during normal service, usually assigned by the manufacturer of the component.
  • The summation of the working load limits or restraining capacity of all devices used to secure an article on a vehicle.
  • The maximum weight of a load of rocks that a securement device can withstand.

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Aggregate Working Load Limit:

The summation of the working load limits or restraining capacity of all devices used to secure an article on a vehicle.

Prev
Next
Which of the following is not a requirement of wood used as blocking or bracing?
  • It should be properly seasoned.
  • It should be free of decay and structural defects.
  • It should be painted.
  • Hardwood is recommended.

Quote From The CDL Manual:

If wood is used:

  • Hardwood is recommended.
  • It should be properly seasoned.
  • It should be free from rot or decay, knots, knotholes, and splits.
Prev
Next
If the cargo is fully contained in a sided vehicle, what is the minimum requirement for withstanding sideways force?
  • 0.8g (80% of cargo weight)
  • 0.5g (50% of cargo weight)
  • 0.7g (70% of cargo weight)
  • 0.2g (20% of cargo weight)

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Note: If the cargo is contained in a sided vehicle, the vehicle structure MUST be strong enough to withstand the forces described earlier.

  • Forward force: 0.8 g (80%)
  • Rearward force: 0.5.g (50%)
  • Sideways force: 0.5 g (50%)
Prev
Finish
Please select an option
[4,3,3,3,2]
5

Join Us!

We have an awesome set of tools that will help you understand the trucking industry and prepare for a great start to your trucking career. Not only that, but everything we offer here at TruckingTruth is 100% free - no strings attached! Sign up now and get instant access to our member's section:
High Road Training Program Logo
  • The High Road Training Program
  • The High Road Article Series
  • The Friendliest Trucker's Forum Ever!
  • Email Updates When New Articles Are Posted

About Us

TruckingTruth was founded by Brett Aquila (that's me!), a 15 year truck driving veteran, in January 2007. After 15 years on the road I wanted to help people understand the trucking industry and everything that came with the career and lifestyle of an over the road trucker. We'll help you make the right choices and prepare for a great start to your trucking career.

Read More

Becoming A Truck Driver

Becoming A Truck Driver is a dream we've all pondered at some point in our lives. We've all wondered if the adventure and challenges of life on the open road would suit us better than the ordinary day to day lives we've always known. At TruckingTruth we'll help you decide if trucking is right for you and help you get your career off to a great start.

Learn More