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New York State Metal Coil Endorsement Securement Manual

SECTION 1: FUNDAMENTALS OF CARGO SECUREMENT

Guiding Principle:

Public safety requires that METAL COILS and other cargo being transported on the highway must remain on or within the vehicle under normal driving conditions. The purpose of the standard is:

  • To make highways safer.
  • To prevent damage to cargo

Consequences for Drivers Who Do Not Follow the Standard:

  • Delay of trip due to roadside enforcement activity.
  • Possible accident resulting in personal injury or death.
  • Financial losses to the driver and carrier, such as: loss of shipment, criminal or civil prosecution, increase in insurance rates, clean-up costs after the accident.
  • Damage to cargo.

When to Apply the Standard:

Apply the standard when securing cargo to be transported on a highway by commercial vehicles:

  • Cargo Type:

    For cargo and dangerous goods/hazardous materials, including equipment carried for vehicle operation and the contents of intermodal containers.

  • Vehicle Type:

    Vehicle Type - for commercial vehicles (trucks, truck tractors, semitrailers, full trailers and tractor-pole trailers) with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 4,500 kgs. / 10,000 lbs.

General Requirements of the Standard:

Cargo must be contained or secured so it does not:

  • Leak
  • Spill
  • Blow
  • Fall from or through
  • Become dislodged
  • Swing or shift, making the vehicle unstable

Performance Criteria for Securement Systems:

Part I: Cargo Securement Performance Criteria

The standard provides the minimum amount of force that cargo should be expected to withstand, in each direction, as shown below.

These minimum force requirements, called the “performance criteria”, were determined after extensive testing. The securement system MUST be capable of resisting these forces, as shown below.

  • The forward force (80% of the cargo weight) represents braking while driving straight ahead.
  • The rearward force (50% of the cargo weight) represents vehicle acceleration or braking in reverse.
  • The side-to-side or lateral force (50% of the cargo weight) represents traveling on a curve, ramp or changing lanes.
  • The vertical force (20% of the cargo weight)) represents cargo vibration during transport. This requirement is satisfied when the cargo is "Fully Contained"

The performance criteria may also be expressed in terms of acceleration, which is shown at right (“g” is the term used for gravity, and represents acceleration or deceleration).

  • 0.8 g deceleration in the forward direction.
  • 0.5 g deceleration in the rearward direction.
  • 0.5 g acceleration in a side-to-side or lateral direction.
  • 0.2 g vertical acceleration.

EXAMPLE: If a steel coil weighs 10,000 lbs., the load securement must provide 8,000 lbs. of securement to prevent movement in the forward direction, which is expressed as 80% of the cargo weight (or 0.8 g).

"Fully Contained" Cargo:

"Fully contained" means that the cargo is placed against a vehicle structure of adequate strength or other cargo so that it cannot shift or tip. Cargo that fills a sided vehicle of adequate strength is considered fully contained.

PART II - Performance Criteria for Components of a Securement System

Each component of the cargo securement system should not exceed its Working Load Limit (WLL), when at maximum force. The Working Load Limit is the maximum load that may be applied to a component of a cargo securement system during normal service; it is usually assigned by the manufacturer of the component.

Each force in the performance criteria is to be applied separately to the securement system to determine if it is compliant.

Cargo Securement Terms That Truck Drivers Should Know:

  • Working Load Limit (WLL):

    The maximum load that may be applied to a component of a cargo securement system during normal service, usually assigned by the manufacturer of the component.

  • g:

    The acceleration due to gravity, 9.823 m/sec2 (32.2 ft/sec2). For cargo securement purposes it is expressed as a percentage of cargo weight, i.e. .5g is 50% of force of gravity or 50% of cargo weight.

  • Contained:

    Cargo is contained if it fills a sided vehicle, and every article is in contact with or sufficiently close to a wall or other articles so that it cannot shift or tip if those other articles are also unable to shift or tip.

  • Tiedown:

    A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s).

CDL:

Commercial Driver's License (CDL)

A CDL is required to drive any of the following vehicles:

  • Any combination of vehicles with a gross combined weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 or more pounds, providing the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of the vehicle being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds.
  • Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 or more pounds, or any such vehicle towing another not in excess of 10,000 pounds.
  • Any vehicle, regardless of size, designed to transport 16 or more persons, including the driver.
  • Any vehicle required by federal regulations to be placarded while transporting hazardous materials.

Intermodal:

Transporting freight using two or more transportation modes. An example would be freight that is moved by truck from the shipper's dock to the rail yard, then placed on a train to the next rail yard, and finally returned to a truck for delivery to the receiving customer.

In trucking when you hear someone refer to an intermodal job they're normally talking about hauling shipping containers to and from the shipyards and railyards.

HOS:

Hours Of Service

HOS refers to the logbook hours of service regulations.

Review Questions - Click On The Picture To Begin...

.5g is equal to what?
  • 50% of cargo weight.
  • 100% of cargo weight.
  • 5,000 lbs.
  • 5% of cargo weight.

Quote From The CDL Manual:

  • g:

    The acceleration due to gravity, 9.823 m/sec2 (32.2 ft/sec2). For cargo securement purposes it is expressed as a percentage of cargo weight, i.e. .5g is 50% of force of gravity or 50% of cargo weight.

  • Next
    A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s) is a:
    • Working Load Limit
    • Void Filler
    • Edge Protector
    • Tiedown

    Quote From The CDL Manual:

  • Tiedown:

    A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s).

  • Prev
    Next
    "Fully Contained" means:
    • Cargo is placed against a vehicle structure of adequate strength or other cargo so that it cannot shift or tip.
    • A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s).
    • A vehicle especially built and fitted with locking devices for the transport of intermodal containers.
    • A structure, device, or another substantial article placed against or around an article to prevent horizontal movement of the article.

    Quote From The CDL Manual:

    "Fully contained" means that the cargo is placed against a vehicle structure of adequate strength or other cargo so that it cannot shift or tip. Cargo that fills a sided vehicle of adequate strength is considered fully contained.

    Prev
    Next
    A securement system must be capable of resisting how much lateral (side-to-side) force, at minimum?
    • 20% of the cargo weight
    • 80% of the cargo weight
    • 50% of the cargo weight
    • 100% of the cargo weight

    Quote From The CDL Manual:

    • The forward force (80% of the cargo weight) represents braking while driving straight ahead.
    • The rearward force (50% of the cargo weight) represents vehicle acceleration or braking in reverse.
    • The side-to-side or lateral force (50% of the cargo weight) represents traveling on a curve, ramp or changing lanes.
    • The vertical force (20% of the cargo weight)) represents cargo vibration during transport. This requirement is satisfied when the cargo is "Fully Contained"
    Prev
    Next
    The cargo securement standard applies to commercial vehicles weighing more than:
    • 5,000 lbs
    • 26,001 lbs
    • 4,500 lbs
    • 10,000 lbs

    Quote From The CDL Manual:

    Vehicle Type:

    Vehicle Type - for commercial vehicles (trucks, truck tractors, semitrailers, full trailers and tractor-pole trailers) with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 4,500 kgs. / 10,000 lbs.

    Prev
    Next
    A steel coil weighing 21,000 lbs requires how much securement against forward movement?
    • 21,000 lbs
    • 10,000 lbs
    • 16,800 lbs
    • 10,500 lbs

    Quote From The CDL Manual:

    • The forward force (80% of the cargo weight) represents braking while driving straight ahead.
    • The rearward force (50% of the cargo weight) represents vehicle acceleration or braking in reverse.
    • The side-to-side or lateral force (50% of the cargo weight) represents traveling on a curve, ramp or changing lanes.
    • The vertical force (20% of the cargo weight)) represents cargo vibration during transport. This requirement is satisfied when the cargo is "Fully Contained"
    Prev
    Next
    Working Load Limit (WLL)is defined as:
    • The maximum load that may be applied to a component of a cargo securement system during normal service, usually assigned by the manufacturer of the component.
    • The summation of the working load limits or restraining capacity of all devices used to secure an article on a vehicle.
    • The depression formed between two cylindrical articles when they are laid with their eyes horizontal and parallel against each other.
    • A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s).

    Quote From The CDL Manual:

  • Working Load Limit (WLL):

    The maximum load that may be applied to a component of a cargo securement system during normal service, usually assigned by the manufacturer of the component.

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