CDL Practice Tests: Flatbed Cargo Securement

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Question #773 (1 of 10)

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When loading and securing a boulder, it should be:

  • Placed on the vehicle with its largest or flattest side down.
  • Placed on symmetrical hardwood blocking that extends 3/4 of the length of the boulder.
  • All of these are requirements.
  • Supported on at least 2 pieces of 4in x 4in hardwood blocking, extending the full width of the boulder.
Requirements

Place each boulder on the vehicle with its flattest and/or largest side down.

Support each boulder on at least two pieces of hardwood blocking (at least 10 cm x 10 cm (4 x 4 in) that extend the full width of the boulder.

Place hardwood blocking pieces as symmetrically as possible under the boulder so they support at least 3/4 of the length of the boulder.

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Question #694 (2 of 10)

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In case of low friction between the cargo and deck, which of these is not a solution?

  • Set the cargo on friction mats.
  • Use some kind of blocking.
  • Put something heavy on top of the cargo.
  • Attach tiedowns to the cargo.
What should you use in low-friction situations?

When there is low friction between the cargo and the deck (for example, with snow, ice, sand, gravel, and oil):

  • Use tiedowns attached to the cargo.
  • Use a means to improve the friction such as friction mats or tiedown that pass over the cargo.
  • Use blocking and tiedowns.
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Question #797 (3 of 10)

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What is a rub rail?

  • A device placed between the deck of a vehicle and car or between articles of cargo, intended to provide greater friction than exists naturally between these surfaces.
  • A rail along the side of a vehicle that protects the side of the vehicle from impacts.
  • A platform or tray on which cargo is placed so that it can be handled as an article. (Same as "Skid")
  • A strip of material that may be used to unitize articles and is tensioned and clamped or crimped back upon itself. (same as "Strapping")

Rub Rail:

A rail along the side of a vehicle that protects the side of the vehicle from impacts.

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Question #753 (4 of 10)

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When securing concrete pipe over 45 inches loaded crosswise, which direction must the tiedowns on the rear half of the load run?

  • Rearward
  • It doesn't matter.
  • Forward
  • Straight up and down.
Requirements for securing the pipe

Secure each pipe with tiedowns through the pipe.

Run at least one tiedown through each pipe in the front half of the load. This includes the middle one if there are an odd number. The tiedown must run rearward at an angle not more than 45 with the horizontal when viewed from the side of the vehicle, whenever practicable.

Run at least one tiedown through each pipe in the rear half of the load. The tiedown must run forward at an angle not more than 45 with the horizontal when viewed from the side of the vehicle, whenever practicable. This holds each pipe firmly in contact with adjacent pipe.

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Question #689 (5 of 10)

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If the cargo is fully contained in a sided vehicle, what is the minimum requirement for withstanding sideways force?

  • 0.7g (70% of cargo weight)
  • 0.5g (50% of cargo weight)
  • 0.8g (80% of cargo weight)
  • 0.2g (20% of cargo weight)

Note: If the cargo is contained in a sided vehicle, the vehicle structure MUST be strong enough to withstand the forces described earlier.

  • Forward force: 0.8 g (80%)
  • Rearward force: 0.5.g (50%)
  • Sideways force: 0.5 g (50%)
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Question #729 (6 of 10)

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What is the minimum weight of a shipment of paper rolls that would require specific securement requirements?

  • 5,000 lbs
  • 10,000 lbs
  • 2,268 lbs
  • It depends on how they're loaded

The rules in this section apply to shipments of paper rolls, which individually or together, weigh 2268 kg (5000 lb.) or more.

Note: Shipments of paper rolls that weigh less than 2268 kg (5000 lb.), and paper rolls that are unitized on a pallet may either be secured in accordance this section or with the general cargo securement requirements

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Question #765 (7 of 10)

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Which of these is specifically prohibited when securing crushed or flattened vehicles?

  • Containment walls.
  • Wire rope.
  • Synthetic webbing.
  • Chains.
Securement Requirements

Transport flattened or crushed vehicles so that:

  • Cargo does not shift while in transit AND
  • Loose parts from the flattened vehicles do not dislodge and fall from the transport vehicle

Do not use synthetic webbing to secure vehicles.

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Question #799 (8 of 10)

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What is the maximum weight that can be secured by a tiedown with a marked WLL of 5,000 lbs?

  • 5,000 lbs
  • 10,000 lbs
  • 6,000 lbs
  • 2,500 lbs

Note: The minimum WLL requirement for the securement system is 50%. More tiedown capacity should be used if you need to secure an article against any movement.

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Question #770 (9 of 10)

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The maximum distance from the rear allowed for attaching mechanisms used to secure roll-on/roll-off containers is:

  • 3 feet
  • 6 1/2 feet
  • 2 feet
  • It doesn't matter.

Attach mechanisms used to secure the rear end of a roll-on/roll-off or hook lift container no more than two meters (6.5 feet) from the rear of the container.

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Question #713 (10 of 10)

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When securing building materials, how many knots are acceptable in the tiedown(s)?

  • 2
  • 0
  • 1
  • Depends on the weight of the cargo.
Requirements for Securement System:
  • In proper working order with no damaged or weakened components that affect their performance or reduce their working load limit.
  • No knots.
  • Attached and secured in a manner that prevents them from coming loose during transit.
  • Able to be tightened by a driver of an in-transit vehicle.
  • Located inboard of rub rails whenever practicable.
  • Edge protection must be used when a tiedown would be subject to abrasion or cutting.
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About The Flatbed Cargo Securement CDL Manual

Studying the flatbed cargo securement CDL manual is not a requirement for getting your CDL permit or license. It is required knowledge for flatbed drivers.

Some questions you should be able to answer for flatbed cargo securement:

  • What is the minimum Working Load Limit of a tiedown used to secure logs?
  • What is the minimum weight of a shipment of paper rolls that would require specific securement requirements?
  • When securing concrete pipe over 45 inches loaded crosswise, which direction must the tiedowns on the front half of the load run?
  • What is a cab shield?
  • When securing concrete pipe over 45 inches loaded crosswise, which direction must the tiedowns on the rear half of the load run?
  • What is a dunnage bag?
  • Who is responsible for inspecting securing devices and cargo within the first 50 miles?
  • How many tiedowns are required on a stack of shortwood loaded crosswise?
  • What is the minimum working load limit of each tiedown used to secure crushed or flattened vehicles?
  • Define 'bolster'
  • What is a hook-lift container?
  • When a tiedown is attached directly to the cargo, what is the ideal angle where it attached to the vehicle?

What is a securing device?

Any device specifically manufactured to attach or secure cargo to a vehicle or trailer:

  • Synthetic Webbing
  • Chain
  • Wire rope
  • Manila rope
  • Synthetic rope
  • Steel strapping
  • Clamps and latches
  • Blocking
  • Front-end structure
  • Grab hooks
  • Binders
  • Shackles
  • Winches
  • Stake pockets
  • D-rings
  • Pocket
  • Webbing ratchet
  • Bracing
  • Friction mat

What is a tiedown?

A combination of securing devices that forms an assembly that:

  • Attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on a vehicle.
  • Is attached to anchor point(s).

Some tiedowns are attached to the cargo and provide direct resistance to restrain the cargo from movement.

Some tie-downs pass over or through the cargo. They create a downward force that increases the effect of friction between the cargo and the deck. This friction restrains the cargo.

Related Cargo Securement Terms That Every Driver Should Know:

  • Tiedown:

    A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s).

  • Contained:

    Cargo is contained if it fills a sided vehicle, and every article is in contact with or sufficiently close to a wall or other articles so that it cannot shift or tip if those other articles are also unable to shift or tip.

  • Blocking:

    A structure, device, or another substantial article placed against or around an article to prevent horizontal movement of the article.

How should tiedowns be attached?

Tiedowns can be used in two ways:

  • Attached to the cargo:

    • Tiedowns attached to the vehicle and attached to the cargo.
    • Tiedowns attached to the vehicle, pass through or aroundan article of cargo, and then are attached to the vehicle again.

  • Pass over the cargo:

    • Tiedowns attached to the vehicle, passed over the cargo, and then attached to the vehicle again.

Tiedown placement:

Place the tiedown as close as possible to the spacer.

Position the tiedowns as symetrically as possible over the length of the article.

Position the tiedowns to preserve the integrity of the article.

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