Tankers Free CDL Practice Tests

Prepare For The Tankers Portion Of Your CDL Written Exams

Our free Tankers cdl practice questions are designed to help test your knowledge of the CDL Manual and sharpen your skills for taking the CDL permit and endorsement exams. They are not designed to teach you the knowledge necessary to pass the exams. Please do not try to memorize these questions in order to get your cdl. There's a better way.

Our High Road Training Program is by far the easiest and most effective way to learn the materials necessary for passing your written CDL exams and preparing for a great start to your career. We strongly suggest using the High Road (which is 100% free!) to learn the CDL manual before using our practice questions to test your knowledge.

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About The Tankers CDL Exam

The The Tankers written CDL Exam is required to obtain your tanker vehicle endorsement on your CDL. A tank endorsement is required for certain vehicles that transport liquids or gases. The liquid or gas does not have to be a hazardous material.

A tank endorsement is required if your vehicle needs a Class A or B CDL and you want to haul a liquid or liquid gaseous material in individual permanently mounted cargo tank(s) rated in excess of 119 gallons with an accumulating total rated at 1000 gallons or more or a attached portable tank rated in excess of 1,000 gallons.

This section will cover:

  • Inspecting Tank Vehicles
  • Driving Tank Vehicles
  • Safe Driving Rules

Inspecting Tank Vehicles

Tank vehicles have special items that you need to check. Tank vehicles come in many types and sizes. Check the vehicle's operator manual to make sure you know how to inspect your tank vehicle.

Check For Leaks

On all tank vehicles, the most important item to check for is leaks. Check under and around the vehicle for signs of any leaking. Do not carry liquids or gases in a leaking tank. To do so is a crime. You will be cited and prevented from driving further. You may also be liable for the clean up of any spill. In general, check the following:

  • Tank's body or shell for dents or leaks.
  • Intake, discharge and cut-off valves. Make sure the valves are in the correct position before loading, unloading or moving the vehicle.
  • Pipes, connections and hoses for leaks, especially around joints.
  • Manhole covers and vents. Make sure the covers have gaskets and they close correctly. Keep the vents clear so they work correctly

Driving Tanker Vehicles Safely

High Center of Gravity

High center of gravity means that much of the load's weight is carried high up off the road. This makes the vehicle top-heavy and easy to roll over. Liquid tankers are especially easy to roll over. Tests have shown that tankers can turn over at the speed limits posted for curves. Take highway curves and on ramp/off ramp curves well below the posted speeds.

Danger of Surge

Liquid surge results from movement of the liquid in partially filled tanks. This movement can have bad effects on handling. For example, when coming to a stop, the liquid will surge back and forth. When the wave hits the end of the tank, it tends to push the truck in the direction the wave is moving. If the truck is on a slippery surface such as ice, the wave can shove a stopped truck out into an intersection. The driver of a liquid tanker must be very familiar with the handling of the vehicle.

Bulkheads

Some liquid tanks are divided into several smaller tanks by bulkheads. When loading and unloading the smaller tanks, the driver must pay attention to weight distribution. Do not put too much weight on the front or rear of the vehicle.

Tank Baffles

Baffled Tanks

Baffled liquid tanks have bulkheads in them with holes that let the liquid flow through. The baffles help to control the forward and backward liquid surge. Side-to-side surge can still occur. This can cause a roll over.

Un-baffled Tanks

Unbaffled liquid tankers (sometimes called "smooth bore" tanks) have nothing inside to slow down the flow of the liquid. Therefore, forward-and-back surge is very strong. Unbaffled tanks are usually those that transport food products (e.g., milk). (Sanitation regulations forbid the use of baffles because of the difficulty in cleaning the inside of the tank.) Be extremely cautious (slow and careful) in driving smooth bore tanks, especially when starting and stopping.

Outage

Outage

Never load a cargo tank totally full. Liquids expand as they warm and you must leave room for the expanding liquid. This is called "outage." Since different liquids expand by different amounts, they require different amounts of outage. You must know the outage requirement when hauling liquids in bulk.

How Much to Load?

A full tank of dense liquid (such as some acids) may exceed legal weight limits. For that reason, you may often only partially fill tanks with heavy liquids. The amount of liquid to load into a tank depends on:

  • The amount the liquid will expand in transit.
  • The weight of the liquid.
  • Legal weight limits

Safe Driving Rules For Tanker Vehicles

Drive Smoothly

Because of the high center of gravity and the surge of the liquid, you must start, slow down and stop very smoothly. Also, make smooth turns and lane changes.

Controlling Surge

Keep a steady pressure on the brakes. Do not release too soon when coming to a stop. Brake far in advance of a stop and increase your following distance. If you must make a quick stop to avoid a crash, use controlled or stab braking. Also, remember that if you steer quickly while braking, your vehicle may roll over.

Curves

Slow down before curves, then accelerate slightly through the curve. The posted speed for a curve may be too fast for a tank vehicle.

Stopping Distance

Keep in mind how much space you need to stop your vehicle. Remember that wet roads double the normal stopping distance. Empty tank vehicles may take longer to stop than full ones.

Skids

Do not over steer, over accelerate or over brake. If you do, your vehicle may skid. On tank trailers, if your drive wheels or trailer wheels begin to skid, your vehicle may jackknife. When any vehicle starts to skid, you must take action to restore traction to the wheels.

Questions You Should Know For The Tanker Endorsement Exam

  • 1. How are bulkheads different than baffles?
  • 2. Should a tank vehicle take curves, on ramps or off ramps at the posted speed limits?
  • 3. How are smooth bore tankers different to drive than those with baffles?
  • 4. What three things determine how much liquid you can load?
  • 5. What is outage?
  • 6. How can you help control surge?
  • 7. What two reasons make special care necessary when driving tank vehicles?

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