Review Questions - Click On The Picture To Begin...
These Questions Are From The Illinois CDL Manual
- A reusable, transportable enclosure that is especially designed with integral locking devices that secure it to a container chassis trailer to facilitate the efficient and bulk shipping and transfer of goods by, or between various modes of transport, such as highway, rail, sea, and air.
- A vehicle especially built and fitted with locking devices for the transport of intermodal containers.
- A specialized container, primarily used to contain and transport materials in the waste, recycling, construction/demolition, and scrap industries, which are used in conjunction with specialized vehicles, in which the container isloaded and unloaded onto a tilt frame body by an articulating hook-arm.
- The load carrying area of a truck, trailer, or intermodal container.
Quote From Page 2 Of The CDL Manual:
Container Chassis Vehicle:
A vehicle especially built and fitted with locking devices for the transport of intermodal containers.
- None of these accurately describe Braking Distance
- The distance it takes to stop once the brakes are applied
- The distance traveled from the time your brain tells your foot to move from the accelerator until your foot is actually pushing the brake pedal
- The distance your vehicle travels from the time your eyes see a hazard until your brain recognizes it
Quote From Page 29 Of The CDL Manual:
Braking Distance is the distance it takes to stop once the brakes are applied. At 55 mph on dry pavement with good brakes, it can take a heavy vehicle about 170 feet and about 4 1/2 seconds to stop
Make sure you memorize the definition of braking distance as this will likely show up on your written exam. You should also memorize braking time as well.
- The driver is expected to use an "honor system" until the issue can be repaired
- Drivers are still required to have a paper logbook in the truck in case of a malfunction
- A broken EOBR will require you to shut down immediately and remain off-duty until the EOBR can be repaired
- Drivers can call their carrier and have each duty-status changed remotely
Quote From Page 0 Of The CDL Manual:
What if my EOBR malfunctions?
As with any electronic device, your EOBR may malfunction or become completely unusable at times. You are still required to have a paper logbook in the truck in case of a malfunction. It is your responsiblity to ensure your paper logbook accounts for all time your EOBR has been down.
Remember, during a random logbook inspection, you may be asked to show that you have a paper logbook in case of an EOBR malfunction.
- At the beginning of each trip and every 250 miles thereafter
- At the beginning of each trip and each time the vehicle is parked
- At the beginning of each trip and every 150 miles thereafter
- At the beginning and end of each trip
Quote From Page 102 Of The CDL Manual:
Make sure your tires are properly inflated. Check placarded vehicles with dual tires at the start of each trip and when ever you park. You must examine each tire at the beginning of each trip and each time the vehicle is parked. The only acceptable way to check tire pressure is to use a tire pressure gauge.
Do not drive with a tire that is leaking or flat except to the nearest safe place to repair it. Remove any overheated tire. Place it a safe distance from your vehicle. Do not drive until you correct the cause of the overheating. Remember to follow the rules about parking and attending placarded vehicles. They apply even when checking, repairing or replacing tires.
Every time you stop, you should make a not in your logbook indicating you checked the tires.
- All of these are reasons to arrive at your destination as quickly as possible
- You might be able to sneak in a 34 hour restart
- Many things can go wrong along the way
- Many customers will give you an earlier appointment time if you show up early, even if they said they wouldn't over the phone
Quote From Page 0 Of The CDL Manual:
It's good practice to always arrive at your destination as quickly as possible. Many things can go wrong along the way. It would be a shame to take your time, only to have something slow you down later on. Always get as close to your customer as possible right away. If you have time to waste, you should waste it near the customer. Far too many drivers lose out on miles because they had a problem en-route and wasted too much time along the way. Not to mention, many customers will give you an earlier appointment time if you show up early, even if they said they wouldn't over the phone.
- The speeds are designed to be safe for large trucks
- The signs are generally posted at 10mph under the actual safe speed
- These are not safe speeds for large or heavy vehicles
- The speeds are safe for empty trucks
Quote From Page 40 Of The CDL Manual:
Offramps/onramps: Freeway and turnpike exits can be particularly dangerous for commercial vehicles. Offramps and onramps often have speed limit signs posted. Remember, these speeds may be safe for automobiles but may not be safe for larger vehicles or heavily loaded vehicles. Exits that go downhill and turn at the same time can be especially dangerous. The downgrade makes it difficult to reduce speed. Braking and turning at the same time can be a dangerous practice. Make sure you are going slow enough before you get on the curved part of an offramp or onramp.
- All of these steps are correct
- Step 1: Shut the engine off when you have enough air pressure that the low-pressure warning signal is not on
- Step 3: The low air-pressure warning signal must come on before the pressure drops to less than 60 psi in the air tank, or the tank with the lowest air pressure in dual air systems
- Step 2: Turn the electrical power on, and step on and off the brake pedal to reduce air tank pressure
Quote From Page 66 Of The CDL Manual:
Test low pressure warning signal: Shut the engine off when you have enough air pressure that the low-pressure warning signal is not on. Turn the electrical power on, and step on and off the brake pedal to reduce air tank pressure. The low air pressure warning signal must come on before the pressure drops to less than 60 psi in the air tank, or the tank with the lowest air pressure in dual air systems.
It is very important to know how to check the low pressure warning signal. You will learn most of the procedure when studying for the pre-trip exam, but for the written exam, here's what you should know:
- Build air pressure so the warning light and buzzer are not activated.
- Turn the engine off.
- Turn the key to the "on" position (this will allow you to see the warning light and see the buzzer).
- Begin depressing and releasing the service brake (brake pedal) repeatedly. This will deplete your air pressure and at about 60 psi, the warning light and buzzer should activate.
- No free play at all
- 3/4 inch of free play
- 1.5 inches of free play
- 1 inch of free play
Quote From Page 116 Of The CDL Manual:
Engine compartment belts: Check the following belts for snugness (up to 3/4-inch play at center of belt), cracks or frays:
- Power steering belt.
- Water pump belt.
- Alternator belt.
- Air compressor belt.
When checking belts, tell the examiner:
The belt is not cracked, frayed, or broken and free play is between 1/2in and 3/4in."
- Make sure air and electrical lines are not tangled
- Listen for air leaks
- Steel braid should not show through on the air or electrical lines
- Make sure the air and electrical lines are dragging against the tractor cat-walk for additional support
Quote From Page 120 Of The CDL Manual:
- Listen for air leaks. Check that air hoses and electrical lines are not cut, chafed, spliced or worn (steel braid should not show through).
- Make sure air and electrical lines are not tangled, pinched or dragging against tractor parts.
You should say the following to the examiner for the air and electrical lines:
Air Lines: "The air lines are securely mounted to the tractor and trailer. The lines are secured to the trailer using glad hands and glad hand seals which are in good condition and not leaking air. They are not dragging on the cat walk, no leaks are present, and they are free of abrasions, bulges, or cuts."
Electrical Lines: "Electrical line is properly connected to the tractor and trailer, is not dragging on the cat walk, and has no cracked, frayed, or bare wires showing."
- Drivers are responsible for all of these
- Inspecting your cargo
- Knowing your cargo is properly secured
- Recognizing overloads and poorly balanced weight
Quote From Page 52 Of The CDL Manual:
Whether or not you load and secure the cargo yourself, you are responsible for:
- Inspecting your cargo.
- Recognizing overloads and poorly balanced weight.
- Knowing your cargo is properly secured.