CDL Practice Tests: Flatbed Cargo Securement

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Question #805 (1 of 10)

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A dunnage bag is:

  • A structure, device, or another substantial article placed against or around an article to prevent horizontal movement of the article.
  • A transverse load bearing structural component, particularly a part of a log bunk.
  • A waterproof sheet used to cover cargo.
  • An inflatable bag intended to fill otherwise empty space between articles of cargo, or between articles of cargo and the wall of the vehicle.

Dunnage bag:

An inflatable bag intended to fill otherwise empty space between articles of cargo, or between articles of cargo and the wall of the vehicle.

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Question #723 (2 of 10)

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Methods to keep a cradle from sliding include:

  • Nailed wood blocking or cleats.
  • These can all be used.
  • Friction mats under the cradle.
  • Placing a tiedown around the front of the cradle.
Requirements for securing a single coil

Prevent the coil from rolling by supporting it:

  • Timbers, chocks, or wedges held in place by coil bunks or similar devices to prevent them from coming loose.
  • A cradle (for example, two hardwood timbers and two coil bunks) that is restrained from sliding by:
    • Friction mats under the cradle.
    • Nailed wood blocking or cleats.
    • Placing a tiedown around the front of the cradle.
  • The support must:
    • Support the coil just above the deck.
    • Not become unintentionally unfastened or loose in transit.
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Question #800 (3 of 10)

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A female housing fixed to the side or ends of a vehicle to receive a stake or peg, and may also be used as an anchor point is a:

  • Stake pocket
  • Void filler
  • Bulkhead
  • Cleat

Stake Pocket:

A female housing fixed to the side or ends of a vehicle to receive a stake or peg, and may also be used as an anchor point.

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Question #769 (4 of 10)

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What is the minimum requirement for securing roll-off and hook containers?

  • One tiedown attached to both the vehicle chassis and the container chassis.
  • Two hooks, or an equivalent mechanism, securing both sides of the container to the vehicle chassis.
  • Two tiedowns installed lengthwise, each securing one side of the container to one of the vehicle's side rails.
  • All of these are acceptable.
Secure to the rear of the vehicle with at least one of the following three mechanisms:
  • Rear Mechanism 1:

    One tiedown attached to both the vehicle chassis and the container chassis.

  • Rear Mechanism 2:

    Two tiedowns installed lengthwise, each securing one side of the container to one of the vehicle's side rails.

  • Rear Mechanism 3:

    Two hooks, or an equivalent mechanism, securing both sides of the container to the vehicle chassis at least as effectively as the tiedowns in the two previous items.

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Question #790 (5 of 10)

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Load securement for cargo weighing 29,650 lbs must be able to withstand upward force of how many lbs?

  • 5,930 lbs
  • 29,650 lbs
  • 30,000 lbs
  • 14,825 lbs
How strong must the vehicle structure and anchor points be?

All elements of the vehicle structure and anchor points must be strong enough to withstand the forces described on page 7.

  • Forward force: 0.8 g (80%)
  • Rearward force: 0.5.g (50%)
  • Sideways force: 0.5 g (50%)
  • Upward force: 0.2 g (20%)
29,650 x 20% = 5,930
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Question #789 (6 of 10)

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What is a headboard?

  • A vertical barrier placed directly behind the cab of a tractor to protect the cab in the event cargo should shift forward.
  • A transverse load bearing structural component, particularly a part of a log bunk.
  • A vertical barrier across a vehicle to prevent forward movement of cargo.
  • A vertical barrier across the front of the deck of a vehicle to prevent forward movement of cargo.

Headboard:

A vertical barrier across the front of the deck of a vehicle to prevent forward movement of cargo.

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Question #689 (7 of 10)

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If the cargo is fully contained in a sided vehicle, what is the minimum requirement for withstanding sideways force?

  • 0.2g (20% of cargo weight)
  • 0.7g (70% of cargo weight)
  • 0.8g (80% of cargo weight)
  • 0.5g (50% of cargo weight)

Note: If the cargo is contained in a sided vehicle, the vehicle structure MUST be strong enough to withstand the forces described earlier.

  • Forward force: 0.8 g (80%)
  • Rearward force: 0.5.g (50%)
  • Sideways force: 0.5 g (50%)
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Question #748 (8 of 10)

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When securing concrete pipe up to 45 inches loaded crosswise, tiedowns through the pipe must be:

  • Chains
  • Straps.
  • Wire.
  • Nylon rope.
Tiedown requirements
  • Pipe may be secured individually or as a group.
  • Tiedowns through the pipe must be chains.
  • Front-to-back tiedowns may be chain or wire rope.
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Question #788 (9 of 10)

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If you were instructed to 'tarp' a load, what would you be using?

  • A short piece of material, usually wood, nailed to the deck to reinforce blocking.
  • A platform or tray on which cargo is placed so that it can be handled as an article.
  • A waterproof sheet used to cover cargo.
  • A strip of material that may be used to unitize articles and is tensioned and clamped or crimped back upon itself.

Tarp:

A waterproof sheet used to cover cargo.

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Question #764 (10 of 10)

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When securing heavy vehicles, what is the minimum WLL of each tiedown?

  • 2,268 lbs
  • 5,000 lbs
  • 10,000 lbs
  • 50% of the weight of the cargo
  • Restrain cargo using a minimum of four tiedowns, each having a WLL of at least 2,268 kg (5,000 lb.).
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About The Flatbed Cargo Securement CDL Manual

Studying the flatbed cargo securement CDL manual is not a requirement for getting your CDL permit or license. It is required knowledge for flatbed drivers.

Some questions you should be able to answer for flatbed cargo securement:

  • What is the minimum Working Load Limit of a tiedown used to secure logs?
  • What is the minimum weight of a shipment of paper rolls that would require specific securement requirements?
  • When securing concrete pipe over 45 inches loaded crosswise, which direction must the tiedowns on the front half of the load run?
  • What is a cab shield?
  • When securing concrete pipe over 45 inches loaded crosswise, which direction must the tiedowns on the rear half of the load run?
  • What is a dunnage bag?
  • Who is responsible for inspecting securing devices and cargo within the first 50 miles?
  • How many tiedowns are required on a stack of shortwood loaded crosswise?
  • What is the minimum working load limit of each tiedown used to secure crushed or flattened vehicles?
  • Define 'bolster'
  • What is a hook-lift container?
  • When a tiedown is attached directly to the cargo, what is the ideal angle where it attached to the vehicle?

What is a securing device?

Any device specifically manufactured to attach or secure cargo to a vehicle or trailer:

  • Synthetic Webbing
  • Chain
  • Wire rope
  • Manila rope
  • Synthetic rope
  • Steel strapping
  • Clamps and latches
  • Blocking
  • Front-end structure
  • Grab hooks
  • Binders
  • Shackles
  • Winches
  • Stake pockets
  • D-rings
  • Pocket
  • Webbing ratchet
  • Bracing
  • Friction mat

What is a tiedown?

A combination of securing devices that forms an assembly that:

  • Attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on a vehicle.
  • Is attached to anchor point(s).

Some tiedowns are attached to the cargo and provide direct resistance to restrain the cargo from movement.

Some tie-downs pass over or through the cargo. They create a downward force that increases the effect of friction between the cargo and the deck. This friction restrains the cargo.

Related Cargo Securement Terms That Every Driver Should Know:

  • Tiedown:

    A combination of securing devices which form an assembly that attaches cargo to, or restrains cargo on, a vehicle or trailer, and is attached to anchor point(s).

  • Contained:

    Cargo is contained if it fills a sided vehicle, and every article is in contact with or sufficiently close to a wall or other articles so that it cannot shift or tip if those other articles are also unable to shift or tip.

  • Blocking:

    A structure, device, or another substantial article placed against or around an article to prevent horizontal movement of the article.

How should tiedowns be attached?

Tiedowns can be used in two ways:

  • Attached to the cargo:

    • Tiedowns attached to the vehicle and attached to the cargo.
    • Tiedowns attached to the vehicle, pass through or aroundan article of cargo, and then are attached to the vehicle again.

  • Pass over the cargo:

    • Tiedowns attached to the vehicle, passed over the cargo, and then attached to the vehicle again.

Tiedown placement:

Place the tiedown as close as possible to the spacer.

Position the tiedowns as symetrically as possible over the length of the article.

Position the tiedowns to preserve the integrity of the article.

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