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You will place placards on hazardous material shipments based on the quantity and hazard class. In order to decide what placard(s) to use on the outside of the vehicle, what must you know?
Placard hazardous materials shipments based on the quantity and hazard class. You can decide which placards to use if you know these three things:
Normally the driver will not have to figure out what placards to use. The shipper is responsible for determining which placards to use and will supply those placards for you.
One exception may happen if you make multiple hazardous materials pickups for the same shipment. Each shipper will know what placards must be used for their particular shipment, but they won't know what placards are needed based on the sum of all of your hazardous shipments. Your company will help you determine this. In 15 years of driving, I never ran into this situation, but it can happen.
A statement on a shipping paper, signed by the shipper, saying he/she prepared the shipment properly according to law is called:
A material's _______ reflects the risks associated with it.
If you discover a cargo leak with hazardous materials, what should you do?
When parking a truck containing hazardous materials, you must not park within how many feet from open flames?
A substance or material that has been determined by the Secretary of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce is called:
Hazardous Materials — A substance or material that has been determined by the Secretary of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce and which has been so designated. The term includes hazardous substances, hazardous wastes, marine pollutants, elevated temperature materials, and materials designated as hazardous in the hazardous materials table of Sec.172.101 and materials that meet the defining criteria for hazard classes and Divisions in Sec.173, Subchapter C of this chapter.
At a minimum, the emergency response information must include which of the following?
Shippers put _________ hazard warning labels on most hazardous materials packages. These labels inform others of the hazard.
What must you do before loading flammable liquids?
9.5.3 – Flammable Liquids
Turn off your engine before loading or unloading any flammable liquids. Only run the engine if needed to operate a pump. Ground a cargo tank correctly before filling it through an open filling hole. Ground the tank before opening the filling hole and maintain the ground until after closing the filling hole.
What is the name of the four-digit code preceded by the letters "NA" or "UN" which is used by first responders to identify hazardous materials?
Choose your next section:
The Hazardoud Materials written CDL Exam is required to obtain your hazardous materials endorsement on your CDL. You must have a Commercial Drivers License (CDL) with a hazardous materials endorsement before you drive any size vehicle that is used to transport hazardous material as defined in 49 CFR 383.5. You must pass a written test about the regulations and requirements to get this endorsement.
The shipper also uses the hazardous materials regulations to determine the product’s:
Drivers must keep hazardous materials shipping papers in one of three ways:
Placards are used to warn others of hazardous materials. Placards are signs put on the outside of a vehicle and on bulk packages, which identify the hazard class of the cargo.
A placarded vehicle must have at least four identical placards. They are put on the front, rear, and both sides of the vehicle. Placards must be readable from all four directions. They are at least 10 3/4 inches square, square-on-point, in a diamond shape.
Cargo tanks and other bulk packaging display the identification number of their contents on placards or orange panels or white square-on-point displays that are the same size as placards.
The shipping paper describes a shipment. A shipping paper for hazardous materials must include:
If a shipping paper describes both hazardous and non-hazardous products, the hazardous materials will be either:
Learn to recognize shipments of hazardous materials. To find out if the shipment includes hazardous materials, look at the shipping paper. Does it have:
Attach the appropriate placards to the vehicle before you drive it. You are only allowed to move an improperly placarded vehicle during an emergency in order to protect life or property. Placards must appear on both sides and both ends of the vehicle. Each placard must be:
The front placard may be on the front of the tractor or the front of the trailer. To decide which placards to use, you need to know:
You may park a placarded vehicle (not laden with explosives) within 5 feet of the traveled part of the road only if your work requires it. Do so only briefly. Someone must always watch the vehicle when parked on a public roadway or shoulder. Do not uncouple a trailer and leave it with hazardous materials on a public street. Do not park within 300 feet of an open fire.
The person attending a placarded vehicle must:
Some states and counties require permits to transport hazardous materials or wastes. They may limit the routes you can use. Local rules about routes and permits change often. It is your job as driver to find out if you need permits or must use special routes. Make sure you have all needed papers before starting.
If you work for a carrier, ask your dispatcher about route restrictions or permits. If you are an independent trucker and are planning a new route, check with state agencies where you plan to travel. Some localities prohibit transportation of hazardous materials through tunnels, over bridges or other roadways. Always check before you start.
Whenever placarded, avoid heavily populated areas, crowds, tunnels, narrow streets and alleys. Take other routes, even if inconvenient, unless there is no other way. Never drive a placarded vehicle near open fires unless you can safely pass without stopping.
Bulk packaging - Packaging, other than a vessel or a barge, including a transport vehicle or freight container, in which hazardous materials are loaded with no intermediate form of containment and which has:
Consignee - The business or person to whom a shipment is delivered.
Division - A subdivision of a hazard class.
EPA - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
FMCSR - The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations.
Portable Tank - Bulk packaging (except a cylinder having a water capacity of 1,000 pounds or less) designed primarily to be loaded onto, or on or temporarily attached to a transport vehicle or ship and equipped with skids, mountings or accessories to facilitate handling of the tank by mechanical means. It does not include a cargo tank, tank car, multiunit tank car tank or trailer carrying 3AX, 3AAX or 3T cylinders.
Reportable Quantity - The quantity specified in Column 2 of the Appendix to Sec. 172.101 for any material identified in Column 1 of the Appendix.