CDL Practice Tests: Hazardous Materials (hazmat) Endorsement

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Question #396 (1 of 10)

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There are three main lists used by shippers, carriers, and drivers when trying to identify hazardous materials. Before transporting a material, look for its name on three lists. Some materials are on all lists, others on only one. Which of the following belongs in that list?

  • Appendix A to Section 172.101: List of Hazardous Substances and Reportable Quantities
  • Appendix B to Section 172.101: List of Marine Pollutants
  • Section 172.101: Hazardous Materials Table
  • All these are correct

There are three main lists used by shippers, carriers, and drivers when trying to identify hazardous materials. Before transporting a material, look for its name on three lists. Some materials are on all lists, others on only one. Always check the following lists:

  • Section 172.101: Hazardous Materials Table.
  • Appendix A to Section 172.101: List of Hazardous Substances and Reportable Quantities.
  • Appendix B to Section 172.101: List of Marine Pollutants.
I'm not sure if they'll ask about this or not, but just remember that number 172.101. If you see anything on the test about these lists, that number will be the key to identifying the answer.
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Question #450 (2 of 10)

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Persons telephoning the National Response Center should be ready to give:

  • Classification, name and quantity of hazardous materials involved, if such information is available.
  • All these are correct
  • Type of incident and nature of hazardous materials involvement and whether a continuing danger to life exists at the scene.
  • Date, time and location of incident

Persons telephoning the National Response Center should be ready to give:

  • Their name.
  • Name and address of the carrier they work for.
  • Phone number where they can be reached.
  • Date, time and location of incident.
  • The extent of injuries, if any.
  • Classification, name and quantity of hazardous materials involved, if such information is available.
  • Type of incident and nature of hazardous materials involvement and whether a continuing danger to life exists at the scene.
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Question #379 (3 of 10)

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The hazmat regulations tell shippers how to package the materials safely and drivers how to load, transport, and unload the material. These rules are called:

  • Cargo rules
  • Spill rules
  • Material rules
  • Containment rules
Transporting hazardous materials can be risky. The regulations are intended to protect you, those around you, and the environment. They tell shippers how to package the materials safely and drivers how to load, transport, and unload the material. These are called containment rules
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Question #392 (4 of 10)

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Describe the proper placement of placards on the vehicle:

  • A placarded vehicle must have at least four identical placards. They are put on the front, rear, and both sides of the vehicle. Placards must be readable from all four directions.
  • A placarded vehicle must have at least two identical placards. They are put on the front and rear of the vehicle. Placards must be readable from the front and rear of the vehicle.
  • A placarded vehicle must have at least four identical placards. Two go on the front, two go on the rear of the vehicle. Placards must be readable from the front and rear.
  • A placarded vehicle must have at least eight identical placards. They are put on the front, rear, and both sides of the vehicle. Placards must be readable from all four directions.
A placarded vehicle must have at least four identical placards. They are put on the front, rear, and both sides of the vehicle. Placards must be readable from all four directions.
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Question #453 (5 of 10)

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A statement on a shipping paper, signed by the shipper, saying he/she prepared the shipment properly according to law is called:

  • Consignee's Index
  • Carrier's Certification
  • Shipper's Certification
  • Hazmat Spec Sheet
Shipper's Certification — A statement on a shipping paper, signed by the shipper, saying he/she prepared the shipment properly according to law.
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Question #426 (6 of 10)

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What is a safe haven?

  • A safe place for the driver to stand when a truck is being loaded or unloaded
  • A parking spot in the truck stop that drivers can reserve ahead of time if parking may be full
  • An approved place for parking unattended vehicles loaded with explosives
  • An approved place for sheltering from a tornado or heavy storm
A safe haven is an approved place for parking unattended vehicles loaded with explosives
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Question #444 (7 of 10)

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If you discover a cargo leak with hazardous materials, what should you do?

  • Try to find the source of the leak by smell
  • Try to identify the material by touch
  • Identify the hazardous materials leaking by using shipping papers, labels, or package location
  • All these are correct
If you discover a cargo leak, identify the hazardous materials leaking by using shipping papers, labels, or package location. Do not touch any leaking material — many people injure themselves by touching hazardous materials. Do not try to identify the material or find the source of a leak by smell. Toxic gases can destroy your sense of smell and can injure or kill you, even if they do not smell. Never eat, drink or smoke around a leak or spill.
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Question #393 (8 of 10)

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Cargo tanks and other bulk packaging display the ________ of their contents on placards or orange panels or white square-on-point displays that are the same size as placards.

  • Identification number
  • Hazmat approval number
  • Hazard class
  • Chemical composition
Cargo tanks and other bulk packaging display the identification number of their contents on placards or orange panels or white square-on-point displays that are the same size as placards.
Important! Remember that placards on the outside of the vehicle will display the Hazard Class while placards or stickers placed on individual product containers (like plastic bulk containers, gas cylinders, or drums) will show the Identification Number of the product. Remember that - Hazard Class on the outside of the vehicle, Identification Number on individual containers.
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Question #425 (9 of 10)

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Never park with Division 1.1, 1.2 or 1.3 explosives within 5 feet of the traveled part of the road. Also, except for short periods of time needed for vehicle operation necessities (e.g., fueling), do not park within 300 feet of:

  • A bridge, tunnel or building.
  • A place where people gather.
  • An open fire.

  • A bridge, tunnel or building
  • A place where people gather.
  • All these are correct
  • An open fire

Never park with Division 1.1, 1.2 or 1.3 explosives within 5 feet of the traveled part of the road. Except for short periods of time needed for vehicle operation necessities (e.g., fueling), do not park within 300 feet of:

  • A bridge, tunnel or building.
  • A place where people gather.
  • An open fire.
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Question #403 (10 of 10)

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Hazardous materials shipping papers must include detailed information about the product, but what else must be included and is the responsibility of the shipper?

  • The location of the nearest emergency response facility
  • The emergency response telephone number
  • The federal hazmat approval number
  • The restricted cargo declaration number
Shipping papers also must list an emergency response telephone number. The emergency response telephone number is the responsibility of the shipper. It can be used by emergency responders to obtain information about any hazardous materials involved in a spill or fire.
Hopefully, you will never use it, but make sure you know who to call in case of a spill or accident
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About The Hazardoud Materials CDL Exam

The Hazardoud Materials written CDL Exam is required to obtain your hazardous materials endorsement on your CDL. You must have a Commercial Drivers License (CDL) with a hazardous materials endorsement before you drive any size vehicle that is used to transport hazardous material as defined in 49 CFR 383.5. You must pass a written test about the regulations and requirements to get this endorsement.

  • Bulk Tank Loading, Unloading and Marking
  • Driver Responsibilities
  • Driving and Parking Rules
  • Communications Rules
  • Emergencies
  • Loading and Unloading

Hazardous Materials Transportation - Shipper's Responsibility

The Shipper

  • Sends products from one place to another by truck, rail, vessel or airplane.
  • Provides correct placards.
  • Packages, marks and labels the materials, prepares shipping papers, provides emergency response information and supplies placards.
  • Certifies on the shipping paper that the shipment has been prepared according to the rules (unless you are pulling cargo tanks supplied by you or your employer).

The shipper also uses the hazardous materials regulations to determine the product’s:

  • Proper shipping name.
  • Hazard class.
  • Identification number.
  • Packing group.
  • Correct packaging.
  • Correct label and markings.

Carrier And Driver Responsibility

The Carrier

  • Takes the shipment from the shipper to its destination.
  • Prior to transportation, checks that the shipper correctly described, marked, labeled and otherwise prepared the shipment for transportation.
  • Refuses improper shipments.
  • Reports accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials to the proper government agency.

The Driver

  • Makes sure the shipper has identified, marked and labeled the hazardous materials properly.
  • Refuses leaking packages and shipments.
  • Placards vehicle when loading, if required.
  • Safely transports the shipment without delay.
  • Follows all special rules about transporting hazardous materials.
  • Keeps hazardous materials shipping papers and emergency response information in the proper place.

Drivers must keep hazardous materials shipping papers in one of three ways:

  • In a pouch on the driver's door
  • In clear view within immediate reach while the seat belt is fastened while driving
  • On the driver's seat when out of the vehicle

Placards

Placards are used to warn others of hazardous materials. Placards are signs put on the outside of a vehicle and on bulk packages, which identify the hazard class of the cargo.

A placarded vehicle must have at least four identical placards. They are put on the front, rear, and both sides of the vehicle. Placards must be readable from all four directions. They are at least 10 3/4 inches square, square-on-point, in a diamond shape.

Cargo tanks and other bulk packaging display the identification number of their contents on placards or orange panels or white square-on-point displays that are the same size as placards.

The Shipping Paper

The shipping paper describes a shipment. A shipping paper for hazardous materials must include:

  • Page numbers if the shipping paper has more than one page. The first page must tell the total number of pages
  • A proper shipping description for each hazardous material.
  • A shipper's certification, signed by the shipper, saying the shipment was prepared according to the regulations.

The Item Description

If a shipping paper describes both hazardous and non-hazardous products, the hazardous materials will be either:

  • Described first.
  • Highlighted in a contrasting color.
  • Identified by an "X" placed before the shipping name in a column captioned "HM.” The letters "RQ" may be used instead of "X" if a reportable quantity is present in one package.

Recognizing Hazardous Materials

Learn to recognize shipments of hazardous materials. To find out if the shipment includes hazardous materials, look at the shipping paper. Does it have:

  • An entry with a proper shipping name, hazard class and identification number?
  • A highlighted entry or one with an X or RQ in the hazardous materials column?
  • What business is the shipper in (e.g., paint dealer, chemical supply, scientific supply house, pest control or agricultural supplier, explosives, munitions or fireworks dealer).
  • Are there tanks with diamond labels or placards on the premises?
  • What type of package is being shipped? Cylinders and drums are often used for hazardous materials shipments.
  • Is a hazard class label, proper shipping name or identification number on the package?
  • Are there any handling precautions?

Placarding Rules & Regulations

Attach the appropriate placards to the vehicle before you drive it. You are only allowed to move an improperly placarded vehicle during an emergency in order to protect life or property. Placards must appear on both sides and both ends of the vehicle. Each placard must be:

  • Easily seen from the direction it faces.
  • Placed so the words or numbers are level and read from left to right.
  • At least 3 inches away from any other markings.
  • Kept clear of attachments or devices such as ladders, doors and tarpaulins.
  • Kept clean and undamaged so that the color, format and message are easily seen.
  • Be affixed to a background of contrasting color.
  • The use of “Drive Safely” and other slogans is prohibited.

The front placard may be on the front of the tractor or the front of the trailer. To decide which placards to use, you need to know:

  • The hazard class of the materials.
  • The amount of hazardous materials shipped.
  • The total weight of all classes of hazardous materials in your vehicle.

Questions You Should Know About Hazardous Materials

  • 1. Shippers package in order to (fill in the blank) the material.
  • 2. Driver placard their vehicle to (fill in the blank) the risk.
  • 3. What three things do you need to know to decide which placards (if any) you need?
  • 4. A hazardous materials identification number must appear on the (fill in the blank) and on the (fill in the blank). The identification number must also appear on cargo tanks and other bulk packaging.
  • 5. Where must you keep shipping papers describing hazardous materials?

Parking a Placarded Vehicle Not Transporting Division 1.1, 1.2 or 1.3 Explosives

You may park a placarded vehicle (not laden with explosives) within 5 feet of the traveled part of the road only if your work requires it. Do so only briefly. Someone must always watch the vehicle when parked on a public roadway or shoulder. Do not uncouple a trailer and leave it with hazardous materials on a public street. Do not park within 300 feet of an open fire.

Attending Parked Vehicles

The person attending a placarded vehicle must:

  • Be in the vehicle, awake and not in the sleeper berth or within 100 feet of the vehicle and have it within clear view.
  • Be aware of the hazards of the materials being transported.
  • Know what to do in emergencies.
  • Be able to move the vehicle, if needed.

Hazmat Route Restrictions

Some states and counties require permits to transport hazardous materials or wastes. They may limit the routes you can use. Local rules about routes and permits change often. It is your job as driver to find out if you need permits or must use special routes. Make sure you have all needed papers before starting.

If you work for a carrier, ask your dispatcher about route restrictions or permits. If you are an independent trucker and are planning a new route, check with state agencies where you plan to travel. Some localities prohibit transportation of hazardous materials through tunnels, over bridges or other roadways. Always check before you start.

Whenever placarded, avoid heavily populated areas, crowds, tunnels, narrow streets and alleys. Take other routes, even if inconvenient, unless there is no other way. Never drive a placarded vehicle near open fires unless you can safely pass without stopping.

Definitions Related To Hazmat Hauling

Bulk packaging - Packaging, other than a vessel or a barge, including a transport vehicle or freight container, in which hazardous materials are loaded with no intermediate form of containment and which has:

  • 1. A maximum capacity greater than 450 L (119 gallons) as a receptacle for a liquid;
  • 2. A maximum net mass greater than 400 kg (882 pounds) or a maximum capacity greater than 450 L (119 gallons) as a receptacle for a solid; or
  • 3. A water capacity greater than 454 kg (1000 pounds) as a receptacle for a gas as defined in Sec. 173.115

Consignee - The business or person to whom a shipment is delivered.

Division - A subdivision of a hazard class.

EPA - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

FMCSR - The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations.

Portable Tank - Bulk packaging (except a cylinder having a water capacity of 1,000 pounds or less) designed primarily to be loaded onto, or on or temporarily attached to a transport vehicle or ship and equipped with skids, mountings or accessories to facilitate handling of the tank by mechanical means. It does not include a cargo tank, tank car, multiunit tank car tank or trailer carrying 3AX, 3AAX or 3T cylinders.

Reportable Quantity - The quantity specified in Column 2 of the Appendix to Sec. 172.101 for any material identified in Column 1 of the Appendix.

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