CDL Practice Tests: Logbook Rules

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Question #571 (1 of 10)

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Which of the following is NOT true about personal conveyance in a commercial motor vehicle?

  • The CMV may be used for personal conveyance even if it is laden (loaded)
  • Motor carriers can not make personal conveyance limitations that are more restrictive than the guidance provided by the FMCSA
  • A driver may record time operating a CMV for personal conveyance as off-duty only when the driver is relieved from work and all responsibility for performing work by the motor carrier
  • Personal conveyance does not reduce a driver’s or motor carrier’s responsibility to operate a CMV safely
Personal conveyance is the movement of a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) for personal use while off-duty. A driver may record time operating a CMV for personal conveyance as off-duty only when the driver is relieved from work and all responsibility for performing work by the motor carrier. The CMV may be used for personal conveyance even if it is laden (loaded), since the load is not being transported for the commercial benefit of the motor carrier at that time. Personal conveyance does not reduce a driver’s or motor carrier’s responsibility to operate a CMV safely. Motor carriers can establish personal conveyance limitations either within the scope of, or more restrictive than, the guidance provided by the FMCSA.
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Question #576 (2 of 10)

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Which of the following is NOT correct when describing the 14-hour rule?

  • You are allowed a window of 14 consecutive hours of on-duty time after being off duty for 10 or more consecutive hours
  • The 14-consecutive-hour, on-duty period only begins when you start driving. It does not begin when you go on-duty.
  • The 14-consecutive-hour, on-duty period begins when you start any kind of reportable work (doing your pre-trip inspection, performing vehicle maintenance, loading / unloading cargo, fueling, driving, etc.)
  • You can take care of other on-duty tasks beyond the 14-hour limit, but you must limit your driving time to this 14-hour window.

The 14-hour on-duty limit is usually thought of as a daily limit, even though it is not based on a 24-hour period. You are allowed a window of 14 consecutive hours of on-duty time after being off duty for 10 or more consecutive hours. The 14-consecutive-hour, on-duty period begins when you start any kind of reportable work (doing your pre-trip inspection, performing vehicle maintenance, loading / unloading cargo, fueling, driving, etc.). Once you have reached the end of this 14-consecutive-hour period, you cannot drive again until you have been off duty for 10 consecutive hours.

Your opportunity for driving is limited to the 14 consecutive hours from the time you started your day. You can take care of other on-duty tasks beyond the 14-hour limit, but you must limit your driving time to this 14-hour window. This is a rule which has a few exceptions. There are some ways to extend this 14-hour period, but we will get into that later. For now, just think of it as an important limit. We are going to tackle this in little bites. We need to learn each of these rules as they are introduced to us. As we master them we will begin to learn more about them as we progress through this study material.

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Question #595 (3 of 10)

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When unexpected adverse driving conditions slow you down, how must longer can you drive to complete what could have been driven in normal conditions.

  • 5 hours
  • 4 hours
  • 3 hours
  • 2 hours
When unexpected adverse driving conditions slow you down, you may drive up to 2 additional hours to complete what could have been driven in normal conditions.
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Question #597 (4 of 10)

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Which of the following is NOT true about the adverse driving conditions exception for the logbook rules?

  • If you get stuck sitting on the interstate because some truck spilled his load of freight all over the place, and nobody can travel through the blocked road, that would be an example of something unexpected that would allow you to use this exception.
  • Adverse driving conditions do not include situations that you should have known about through proper trip planning, such as congested traffic during typical rush-hour periods
  • If a blizzard was forecast for the day, you cannot use the adverse driving conditions exception.
  • If you're running through downtown Chicago during rush hour and traffic is backed up, you can use the two-hour exception
Adverse driving conditions do not include situations that you should have known about through proper trip planning, such as congested traffic during typical rush-hour periods
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Question #601 (5 of 10)

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Which of the following is NOT true about the 16-hour lobgook exception?

  • Allows drivers who have started and stopped their workdays at the same location for the previous five work days to extend their 14 hour clock to 16 hours one per week
  • The driver can remain on-duty for an extra 2 hours but must be relieved from duty immediately after the 16th hour
  • This exception does not extend the allowed 11 hours per day of driving
  • This exception allows the driver to extend their 14-hour and 11-hour clocks by two hours once per week

To summarize the 16-hour exception:

  • Allows drivers who have started and stopped their workdays at the same location for the previous five work days to extend their 14 hour clock to 16 hours one per week
  • The driver can remain on-duty for an extra 2 hours but must be relieved from duty immediately after the 16th hour
  • This exception does not extend the allowed 11 hours per day of driving
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Question #579 (6 of 10)

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You wake up and do your pre-trip inspection at 6:00 am. You do a mix of driving and on-duty work throughout the day. At 8:00 pm you're parked on the dock and finished driving for the day. The dock workers want you to come inside and count freight as they load your truck. According to the 14-hour rule, can you legally do this, and why?

  • Yes, you can legally work after your 14-hour window has passed, but you can not drive again until you get 10 consecutive hours off duty.
  • No, you can not legally work after the 14-hour window unless you have less than 2 hours of drive time remaining to get to your destination. Since you are at the destination already, you must not work until you get 10 consecutive hours off duty
  • Yes, you can legally work after your 14-hour window has passed because you didn't drive the entire 14 hours. You mixed in some on duty time so that means you can drive or work after the 14-hour window.
  • No, you can not legally work after the 14-hour window until you get 10 consecutive hours off duty
According to the 14-hour rule, you have a 14 hour window to complete your driving for the shift once you have started work for the day. You started working at 6:00 am so you must complete your driving by 8:00 pm. You can not drive again until you get 10 consecutive hours off duty but you can perform other non-driving duties.
Remember, the 14 hour rule means you must complete your driving within a 14 hour window. It does not mean you can not work past that window. It just means you can not drive.
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Question #584 (7 of 10)

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If you drive ____ consecutive hours with no breaks, you can not drive a CMV until a 30-minute break is taken:

  • 11
  • 4
  • 14
  • 8
If you drive 8 consecutive hours with no breaks, you are not allowed to drive a CMV until a 30-minute break is taken
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Question #564 (8 of 10)

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Why must we keep a copy of paper logs on the truck if we're using electronic logs?

  • We can run two logbooks to make the use of our time more efficient
  • Paper logs need to be filled out so we can hand dispatch a hard copy of our logbook
  • One of the DOT's requirements is that we keep a paper logbook on our truck as a backup if needed.
  • All of these are correct
ELDs are pretty reliable, but can still fail like any computer system. If our recording device fails, we must understand the HOS rules to maintain a paper log until our unit is repaired or replaced. One of the DOT's requirements is that we keep a paper logbook on our truck as a backup if needed.
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Question #604 (9 of 10)

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For the split sleeper berth rule, which of the following is NOT true?

  • One break must be a minimum of 7 hours long
  • You must log the longer of the two breaks as off duty
  • You may divide your 10-hour break into two separate breaks. One break has to be at least 2 hours long.
  • You can use any combination of off-duty and sleeper berth time for the shorter of the two breaks
  • You may divide your 10-hour break into two separate breaks. One break has to be at least 2 hours long. You can use any combination off-duty and sleeper berth time.
  • The other break must be a minimum of 7 hours. The longer of the two breaks must be logged as sleeper berth.
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Question #561 (10 of 10)

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A driver with too many logbook violations may receive what type of punishment from their company?

  • All these are correct
  • Disciplinary action
  • A warning
  • Termination
A driver with too many logbook violations may receive a warning, discipline, or termination.
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About The Logbook Rules For Truck Drivers

Truck drivers must use a logbook to record all of their time. The amount of time a driver can spend driving is regulated by the federal government. You must know the logbook rules.

What Are The Hours Of Service Regulations?

HOS regulations are rules issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), a division within the Department of Transportation. These regulations limit the number of daily and weekly hours you can spend driving and working. They also regulate the minimum time drivers must spend resting between driving shifts.

Drivers must keep a current log showing all of their working and resting hours. You must keep these logs on an electronic logging device that meets DOT regulations as laid out in the FMCSA guidebook. You can find this information in the ELD rule section 395.22. The ELD rule applies to most motor carriers and drivers currently required to maintain Records Of Duty Status (RODS) per part 395, 49 CFR 395.8 (a). The rule applies to commercial buses, trucks, and Canada and Mexico domiciled drivers.

Why Do Hos Regulations Exist?

The purpose of HOS regulations is to reduce accidents caused by driver fatigue. Many drivers don't like being told when they can and can not drive. Still, studies have proven there are more accidents amongst fatigued drivers. The risk of an accident is directly related to how many hours a driver has been behind the wheel. The DOT designed the HOS regulations to prevent drivers from pushing themselves too hard and to keep carriers from forcing drivers to drive beyond their limits.

The following chart illustrates how driver fatigue increases the likelihood of an accident in a CMV.

image4.jpg

Who Enforces Logbook Regulations?

Generally, DOT officers are the ones who enforce HOS rules, although any police officer may inspect a driver’s electronic logs. Individual states maintain weigh stations where they pull drivers in for random vehicle and logbook inspections. Police officers and DOT officers may also pull drivers over for random vehicle checks and log inspections.

13.3 Determining On-duty And Off-duty Time

Four Types Of Duty Status

There are four types of duty status you can log in your logbook:

  • Off Duty
  • Sleeper Berth
  • On Duty (not driving)
  • Driving

The hours of service rules will determine when you can drive based upon the amount of time you have spent either on duty or driving versus sleeper berth or off duty. First, let's talk about on-duty time.

What Is Considered On-duty Time?

The 60 / 70-hour limit is based on how many hours you work over a 7 or 8-day period. Just what kind of work is considered on-duty time? It includes all time you are working or are required to be ready to work for any employer.

Here are some specific activities that are considered to be on-duty time:

  • All time spent at a plant, shipping / receiving facility, terminal, or other facility of a motor carrier, unless you are in your sleeper berth or have been relieved of all work-related responsibilities.
  • All driving time.
  • All time loading, unloading, supervising, or attending your truck; or handling paperwork for shipments.
  • All time spent doing any other work for a motor carrier, including giving or receiving training and driving a company car.
  • All time inspecting or servicing your truck, including fueling it and washing it.
  • All other time in a truck unless you are resting in a sleeper berth.
  • All time spent providing a breath, saliva, hair, or urine sample for drug / alcohol testing, including travel to and from the collection site.
  • All time spent doing paid work for anyone who is not a motor carrier, such as a part-time job at a local restaurant.

The bottom line is that on-duty time includes:

  • All time you are working for a motor carrier, whether paid or not
  • All time you are doing paid work for anyone employer.
  • All the time you are required to be ready to work for any employer (on-call)

What Is Considered Off-duty Time?

By understanding the definition of on-duty time, you will get a good idea of what they consider off-duty time. For time to be considered off duty, you must be relieved of all responsibility for performing work and be free to pursue activities of your own choosing.

If you are not doing any work (paid or unpaid) for a motor carrier, and you are not doing any paid work for anyone else, you may record the time as off-duty time.

Personal Use Of A Commercial Motor Vehicle

Occasionally, you may use a truck for personal reasons and not for commerce. You may move your personal belongings to a new house or, as a hobby, you may take your horses to a horse show. As long as the activity does not support a business, you are not operating in commerce. If you are not operating your truck in commerce, you are not subject to the hours of service regulations.

Hours Of Service Limitations

HOS regulations determine when and how long you are allowed to drive a commercial motor vehicle (CMV). This is accomplished by placing specific limits on the number of hours you can drive or be considered on duty. The rules also specify how much time you must remain off duty before you can legally resume any driving duties. And finally, the regulations dictate when breaks are required during your workday.

There are three limits and one break requirement which must be followed at all times. They are:

  • The 14-hour, on-duty limit
  • The 11-hour-driving limit
  • The 60/70-hour, on-duty limit
  • The 30-minute break

THE 34-HOUR RESTART

The regulations allow you to restart your 60 or 70-hour clock calculations after having at least 34 consecutive hours off duty. In other words, after you have taken at least 34 consecutive hours off duty, you have the full 60 or 70 hours available again.

A driver may take a 34-hour reset at any time, as often as they like. You don’t have to be at home to take a 34-hour break. You can take it on the road. One nice thing about taking a 34-hour break on the road is that it gives you a chance to see something in the area that might interest you. When taking a 34-hour break, you may log it all as off duty, or you can mix in some sleeper berth time if you want. The main thing is that you don’t interrupt your break with any on-duty or drive time.

The 34-hour reset is not a mandatory requirement. It is an option that gives a driver more flexibility in their schedule.

If you choose not to take a 34-hour reset and you're near the limit of your 70 hours, you may find the time you have available each day equals the hours that became available after the 8th day drops off the calculation. They commonly refer to this as “running on re-caps.”

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