CDL Practice Tests: Logbook Rules

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Question #584 (1 of 10)

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If you drive ____ consecutive hours with no breaks, you can not drive a CMV until a 30-minute break is taken:

  • 14
  • 11
  • 8
  • 4
If you drive 8 consecutive hours with no breaks, you are not allowed to drive a CMV until a 30-minute break is taken
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Question #604 (2 of 10)

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For the split sleeper berth rule, which of the following is NOT true?

  • You can use any combination of off-duty and sleeper berth time for the shorter of the two breaks
  • One break must be a minimum of 7 hours long
  • You may divide your 10-hour break into two separate breaks. One break has to be at least 2 hours long.
  • You must log the longer of the two breaks as off duty
  • You may divide your 10-hour break into two separate breaks. One break has to be at least 2 hours long. You can use any combination off-duty and sleeper berth time.
  • The other break must be a minimum of 7 hours. The longer of the two breaks must be logged as sleeper berth.
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Question #596 (3 of 10)

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When unexpected adverse driving conditions slow you down, you can extend your drive time by two hours. What can you do about your 14-hour on-duty clock if you hit adverse driving conditions?

  • You can extend it by 3 hours
  • You can extend it by 1 hour
  • You can also extend it by 2 hours
  • You can not extend the 14-hour on-duty clock
When unexpected adverse driving conditions slow you down, you may drive up to 2 additional hours to complete what could have been driven in normal conditions. This means you could drive for up to 13 hours, which is 2 hours more than allowed under normal conditions. You may also extend your on-duty (14-hour) time limit by 2 hours.
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Question #577 (4 of 10)

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You begin your pre-trip inspection at 6:00 am. According to the 14-hour rule, you must complete your driving by what time?

  • 8:00 pm
  • 6:00 pm
  • 8:00 am
  • 4:00 pm
According to the 14-hour rule, you have a 14 hour window to complete your driving for the shift. If you begin working at 6:00 am you must complete your driving by 8:00 pm and you can not drive again until you get 10 consecutive hours off duty.
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Question #594 (5 of 10)

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Which of the following is true about the 34-hour reset?

  • All these are true
  • It allows you to reset your 60 or 70-hour clock
  • You can take it anytime, anywhere
  • You can log it as off-duty, sleeper berth, or a combination of both

A driver may take a 34-hour reset at any time, as often as they like. You don’t have to be at home to take a 34-hour break. You can take it on the road. One nice thing about taking a 34-hour break on the road is that it gives you a chance to see something in the area that might interest you. When taking a 34-hour break, you may log it all as off duty, or you can mix in some sleeper berth time if you want. The main thing is that you don’t interrupt your break with any on-duty or drive time.

The 34-hour reset is not a mandatory requirement. It is an option that gives a driver more flexibility in their schedule.

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Question #566 (6 of 10)

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What do they consider on duty time to be for the logbook?

  • All the time you are working or are required to be ready to work, for any employer.
  • All the time you are on the clock for your current employer
  • Any time spent in the truck, whether driving or not
  • All the time you are in the truck or on the dock
Just what kind of work is considered on-duty time? It includes all time you are working or are required to be ready to work, for any employer.
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Question #598 (7 of 10)

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Which of the following conditions will allow for the use of the two-hour adverse driving logbook exception?

  • A truck turned over on the Interstate, blocking traffic for several hours
  • Your available logbook hours will leave you two hours short of the delivery location.
  • A winter storm came through, which was forecast for the area
  • Your truck broke down and it took two hours to get it fixed
Be aware that this exception cannot be used for routine weather or traffic delays. The delay must be unexpected. You cannot use this exception because you got caught in rush-hour traffic in Chicago. That is a delay that every trucker should expect. You cannot use this exception for things like your vehicle breaking down, loading or unloading delays, or your inability to find parking. Those things are not considered legitimate reasons for using the exception. It is designed to be used for unexpected weather delays or unexpected traffic delays. If you get stuck sitting on the interstate because some truck spilled his load of freight all over the place, and nobody can travel through the blocked road, that would be an example of something unexpected that would allow you to use this exception.
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Question #569 (8 of 10)

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What is personal conveyance?

  • The movement of a commercial motor vehicle for personal use while off-duty
  • When a commercial driver is driving his/her own personal vehicle
  • Moving a commercial motor vehicle after being put out of service by the DOT
  • When driving your tractor without the trailer attached
Personal conveyance is the movement of a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) for personal use while off-duty. A driver may record time operating a CMV for personal conveyance as off-duty only when the driver is relieved from work and all responsibility for performing work by the motor carrier. The CMV may be used for personal conveyance even if it is laden (loaded), since the load is not being transported for the commercial benefit of the motor carrier at that time. Personal conveyance does not reduce a driver’s or motor carrier’s responsibility to operate a CMV safely. Motor carriers can establish personal conveyance limitations either within the scope of, or more restrictive than, the guidance provided by the FMCSA.
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Question #578 (9 of 10)

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You wake up and start fueling at 5:00 am. You do a pre-trip inspection while you're getting fuel. You find a problem you can quickly fix yourself and it takes until 6:00 am to fix it. You begin driving at 6:00 am. According to the 14-hour rule, you must complete your driving by what time?

  • 7:00 am
  • 7:00 pm
  • 6:00 pm
  • 8:00 pm
According to the 14-hour rule, you have a 14 hour window to complete your driving for the shift once you have started work for the day. You started working at 5:00 am so you must complete your driving by 7:00 pm. You can not drive again until you get 10 consecutive hours off duty.
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Question #556 (10 of 10)

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The rules governing a commercial driver's working and resting hours are called:

  • On-Duty Status
  • Driver Time Management System
  • Hours Of Service Regulations
  • Logbook Mandates
As a truck driver, you must keep a continuous record of how you've spent your time. You must also follow all driving and working limitations created by the Department of Transportation (DOT). With today's Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs), we no longer fill out a physical logbook. We have a device in our truck that records our time worked, the movement of our vehicle, and the time we spend resting. The rules governing a commercial driver's working and resting hours are called Hours of Service Regulations.
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About The Logbook Rules For Truck Drivers

Truck drivers must use a logbook to record all of their time. The amount of time a driver can spend driving is regulated by the federal government. You must know the logbook rules.

What Are The Hours Of Service Regulations?

HOS regulations are rules issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), a division within the Department of Transportation. These regulations limit the number of daily and weekly hours you can spend driving and working. They also regulate the minimum time drivers must spend resting between driving shifts.

Drivers must keep a current log showing all of their working and resting hours. You must keep these logs on an electronic logging device that meets DOT regulations as laid out in the FMCSA guidebook. You can find this information in the ELD rule section 395.22. The ELD rule applies to most motor carriers and drivers currently required to maintain Records Of Duty Status (RODS) per part 395, 49 CFR 395.8 (a). The rule applies to commercial buses, trucks, and Canada and Mexico domiciled drivers.

Why Do Hos Regulations Exist?

The purpose of HOS regulations is to reduce accidents caused by driver fatigue. Many drivers don't like being told when they can and can not drive. Still, studies have proven there are more accidents amongst fatigued drivers. The risk of an accident is directly related to how many hours a driver has been behind the wheel. The DOT designed the HOS regulations to prevent drivers from pushing themselves too hard and to keep carriers from forcing drivers to drive beyond their limits.

The following chart illustrates how driver fatigue increases the likelihood of an accident in a CMV.

image4.jpg

Who Enforces Logbook Regulations?

Generally, DOT officers are the ones who enforce HOS rules, although any police officer may inspect a driver’s electronic logs. Individual states maintain weigh stations where they pull drivers in for random vehicle and logbook inspections. Police officers and DOT officers may also pull drivers over for random vehicle checks and log inspections.

13.3 Determining On-duty And Off-duty Time

Four Types Of Duty Status

There are four types of duty status you can log in your logbook:

  • Off Duty
  • Sleeper Berth
  • On Duty (not driving)
  • Driving

The hours of service rules will determine when you can drive based upon the amount of time you have spent either on duty or driving versus sleeper berth or off duty. First, let's talk about on-duty time.

What Is Considered On-duty Time?

The 60 / 70-hour limit is based on how many hours you work over a 7 or 8-day period. Just what kind of work is considered on-duty time? It includes all time you are working or are required to be ready to work for any employer.

Here are some specific activities that are considered to be on-duty time:

  • All time spent at a plant, shipping / receiving facility, terminal, or other facility of a motor carrier, unless you are in your sleeper berth or have been relieved of all work-related responsibilities.
  • All driving time.
  • All time loading, unloading, supervising, or attending your truck; or handling paperwork for shipments.
  • All time spent doing any other work for a motor carrier, including giving or receiving training and driving a company car.
  • All time inspecting or servicing your truck, including fueling it and washing it.
  • All other time in a truck unless you are resting in a sleeper berth.
  • All time spent providing a breath, saliva, hair, or urine sample for drug / alcohol testing, including travel to and from the collection site.
  • All time spent doing paid work for anyone who is not a motor carrier, such as a part-time job at a local restaurant.

The bottom line is that on-duty time includes:

  • All time you are working for a motor carrier, whether paid or not
  • All time you are doing paid work for anyone employer.
  • All the time you are required to be ready to work for any employer (on-call)

What Is Considered Off-duty Time?

By understanding the definition of on-duty time, you will get a good idea of what they consider off-duty time. For time to be considered off duty, you must be relieved of all responsibility for performing work and be free to pursue activities of your own choosing.

If you are not doing any work (paid or unpaid) for a motor carrier, and you are not doing any paid work for anyone else, you may record the time as off-duty time.

Personal Use Of A Commercial Motor Vehicle

Occasionally, you may use a truck for personal reasons and not for commerce. You may move your personal belongings to a new house or, as a hobby, you may take your horses to a horse show. As long as the activity does not support a business, you are not operating in commerce. If you are not operating your truck in commerce, you are not subject to the hours of service regulations.

Hours Of Service Limitations

HOS regulations determine when and how long you are allowed to drive a commercial motor vehicle (CMV). This is accomplished by placing specific limits on the number of hours you can drive or be considered on duty. The rules also specify how much time you must remain off duty before you can legally resume any driving duties. And finally, the regulations dictate when breaks are required during your workday.

There are three limits and one break requirement which must be followed at all times. They are:

  • The 14-hour, on-duty limit
  • The 11-hour-driving limit
  • The 60/70-hour, on-duty limit
  • The 30-minute break

THE 34-HOUR RESTART

The regulations allow you to restart your 60 or 70-hour clock calculations after having at least 34 consecutive hours off duty. In other words, after you have taken at least 34 consecutive hours off duty, you have the full 60 or 70 hours available again.

A driver may take a 34-hour reset at any time, as often as they like. You don’t have to be at home to take a 34-hour break. You can take it on the road. One nice thing about taking a 34-hour break on the road is that it gives you a chance to see something in the area that might interest you. When taking a 34-hour break, you may log it all as off duty, or you can mix in some sleeper berth time if you want. The main thing is that you don’t interrupt your break with any on-duty or drive time.

The 34-hour reset is not a mandatory requirement. It is an option that gives a driver more flexibility in their schedule.

If you choose not to take a 34-hour reset and you're near the limit of your 70 hours, you may find the time you have available each day equals the hours that became available after the 8th day drops off the calculation. They commonly refer to this as “running on re-caps.”

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