The FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration) created the CSA to replace an older set of safety regulations and testing and enforcement methods that couldn't keep up with the growth of the trucking industry and technology.
The regulations created for this program govern all commercial traffic in the United States. Meaning: You.
In late 2015, the FMCSA removed from public view the part of the system that displays carrier CSA scores, as part of the FAST act, as the system is being re-evaluated and re-vamped.
Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) is a Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) initiative to improve large truck and bus safety and ultimately reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities that are related to commercial motor vehicles. It introduces a new enforcement and compliance model that allows FMCSA and its State Partners to contact a larger number of carriers earlier in order to address safety problems before crashes occur. To Read The Long and Detailed, Technical Official Impossible To Comprehend By Most Reasonable People Version, Visit The FMCSA Website
Since the 1970s, Federal and State enforcement agencies in partnership with many other stakeholders have progressively reduced the rate of commercial motor vehicle crashes resulting in injuries or fatalities on our Nation’s highways.
The rate of crash reduction slowed, prompting the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to take a fresh look at how the agency evaluates the safety of motor carriers and drivers and to explore ways to improve its safety monitoring, evaluation, and intervention processes. Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) is the result of this comprehensive examination.
The fight regarding hours of service will probably be an ongoing issue, but the rules stand as they are at the moment.
Basically, if you shouldn't be driving, DON'T. If the vehicle you're piloting is not safe, PARK IT.
— Operation of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) by drivers in a dangerous or careless manner. Example violations: Speeding, reckless driving, improper lane change, and inattention. Don't drive it like you stole it. It's frowned upon, generally.
— Operation of CMVs by drivers who are ill, fatigued, [see Fatigued Driver Regulations] or in non-compliance with the HOS regulations. This BASIC includes violations of regulations pertaining to records of duty status (RODS) as they relate to HOS requirements and the management of CMV driver fatigue Example violations: HOS RODS, and operating a CMV while ill or fatigued. As a commercial driver, you are only allowed, legally, so many hours behind the wheel at a stretch.
— Operation of CMVs by drivers who are unfit to operate a CMV due to lack of training, experience, or medical qualifications. Example violations: Failure to have a valid and appropriate commercial driver’s license (CDL) and being medically unqualified to operate a CMV. In addition to being licensed, drivers will need to pass a DOT physical before being allowed to drive CMV's..
— Operation of CMVs by drivers who are impaired due to alcohol, illegal drugs, and misuse of prescription or over-the-counter medications. Example violations: Use or possession of controlled substances/alcohol. Should be self-explanatory: Drugs are bad, mmm-kay?
— Failure to properly maintain a CMV and/or properly prevent shifting loads. Example violations: Brakes, lights, and other mechanical defects, failure to make required repairs, and improper load securement. As a truck driver, you are not simply "holding the wheel". Part, in fact much, of the responsibility for the safety and road-worthiness of your vehicle falls to the driver. You will conduct Pre-trip inspections to confirm that it is so. Your carrier cannot force you to drive an unsafe vehicle, and it's your job to know the difference.
— Unsafe handling of HM on a CMV. Example violations: Release of HM from package, no shipping papers (carrier), and no placards/markings when required. Some freight is more dangerous than other freight, and you will have to know how to transport it safely.
— Histories or patterns of high crash involvement, including frequency and severity. It is based on information from State-reported crashes.
FMCSA’s compliance and safety programs improve and promote safety performance and save lives. However, agency resources available for these efforts have remained relatively constant over time, despite increases in the regulated population and additional programmatic responsibilities. Given these constraints, FMCSA has identified limitations in both how safety is measured and how unsafe behaviors, once identified, are corrected.
A carrier's safety performance and analysis is compiled in to a report that is publicly available on the FMCSA website.
A carrier's score is based on such factors as roadside inspections, carrier and driver safety violations, and State-reported crashes.
Within the Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) Operational Model, the Safety Measurement System (SMS) quantifies the on-road safety performance of carriers and drivers to identify candidates for interventions, determine the specific safety problems that a carrier or driver exhibits, and to monitor whether safety problems are improving or worsening. SMS has replaced SafeStat in the new Operational Model.
SMS uses a motor carrier’s data from roadside inspections, including all safety-based violations, State-reported crashes, and the Federal motor carrier census to quantify performance in the following Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs). A carrier's SMS score does not necessarily indicate whether or not it is a "good" company to work for, as many factors are at work. Companies that hire a lot of brand new truck drivers may tend to be scored on "rookie mistakes", for instance.
The new CSA rules prompted legal challenges, some of which are still ongoing, mostly by the industry and carrier representatives.
Several court challenges and lawsuits have been filed in regards to the change in driver-related rules, with some still ongoing. As recently as August, 2013, a federal appeals court upheld most of the SA's Hours Of Service rules.
Also in August 2014, FMCSA chief administrator and CSA regulatory champion Ann Ferro resigned from her position. Coupled with the now-Republican control of both the Senate and The House Of Representatives, new court challenges could be forth-coming, though recent federal appeals court rulings indicate that it may be to late, on technicalities, for new legal challenges to be mounted.
A pre-trip inspection is a thorough inspection of the truck completed before driving for the first time each day.
Federal and state laws require that drivers inspect their vehicles. Federal and state inspectors also may inspect your vehicles. If they judge a vehicle to be unsafe, they will put it “out of service” until it is repaired.
A CDL is required to drive any of the following vehicles:
Explosive, flammable, poisonous or otherwise potentially dangerous cargo. Large amounts of especially hazardous cargo are required to be placarded under HAZMAT regulations
A commercial motor vehicle is any vehicle used in commerce to transport passengers or property with either:
The CSA is a Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) initiative to improve large truck and bus safety and ultimately reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities that are related to commercial motor vehicle
The FMCSA was established within the Department of Transportation on January 1, 2000. Their primary mission is to prevent commercial motor vehicle-related fatalities and injuries.
What Does The FMCSA Do?
A department of the federal executive branch responsible for the national highways and for railroad and airline safety. It also manages Amtrak, the national railroad system, and the Coast Guard.
State and Federal DOT Officers are responsible for commercial vehicle enforcement. "The truck police" you could call them.
A CMV is a vehicle that is used as part of a business, is involved in interstate commerce, and may fit any of these descriptions:
Commercial trade, business, movement of goods or money, or transportation from one state to another, regulated by the Federal Department Of Transportation (DOT).
BMI is a formula that uses weight and height to estimate body fat. For most people, BMI provides a reasonable estimate of body fat. The BMI's biggest weakness is that it doesn't consider individual factors such as bone or muscle mass. BMI may:
It's quite common, especially for men, to fall into the "overweight" category if you happen to be stronger than average. If you're pretty strong but in good shape then pay no attention.
Operating While Intoxicated
Electric APUs have started gaining acceptance. These electric APUs use battery packs instead of the diesel engine on traditional APUs as a source of power. The APU's battery pack is charged when the truck is in motion. When the truck is idle, the stored energy in the battery pack is then used to power an air conditioner, heater, and other devices