What New Drivers Need To Know About Substance Abuse Professionals (SAPs):
The Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) is a person who evaluates employees who have violated a DOT drug and alcohol program regulation and makes recommendations concerning education, treatment, follow-up testing, and aftercare. In order to be a SAP , you need to have certain credentials, possess specific knowledge, receive training, and achieve a passing score on an examination. There is also a continuing education requirement.
The Role Of Substance Abuse Professionals In The DOT: SAPS serve in an impartial role, and do not advocate specifically for either the employer or employee. Their job is to evaluate whether or not your drug/alcohol test failure should keep you out of the seat of an 80,000 pound vehicle.
SAPs represent the major decision point (and in some cases the only decision point) an employer may have in choosing whether or not to place an employee behind the steering wheel of a school bus, in the cockpit of a plane, at the helm of an oil tanker, at the throttle of a train, in the engineer compartment of a subway car, or at the emergency control valves of a natural gas pipeline.
Their function is to protect the public interest in safety by professionally evaluating the employee and recommending appropriate education and/or treatment, follow-up tests, and aftercare.