Currently, hair follicle drug testing cannot be used by trucking companies to satisfy Federal DOT drug testing requirements but can be used internally as a prerequisite of employment. Results cannot be reported to the DOT as a failed test, nor can they be shared with other companies. A failed hair follicle drug screen CAN and MAY be reported on your DAC report as a failed test, depending on the trucking company's policy.
Detection Time: Hair follicle testing can detect traces of illegal substances from as recently as 10 days to as far back as 90 days (using a typical 1 1/2-inch hair sample) from their use or ingestion, which is the standard length many companies will use. Substances will remain in the hair and detectable until that section of hair is cut off. Technically, a trucking company could test back 30 days for every 1/2-inch of hair, if they wanted to.
See Also: CDL Drug & Alcohol Test Methods & Detection Times
The use of hair from elsewhere on the body is normally acceptable if the hair on the head is too short or non-existent. Body hair grows significantly slower than head hair, allowing companies to test for a greater period of time. Some companies are reportedly testing up to 1 full year prior.
A driver who does not have enough hair on their body to be tested may be classified as a "refusal" and denied employment by a particular company. Showing up with a completely hairless body, outside of a medical condition, would generally raise eyebrows and suspicion, anyways.
Companies that use hair follicle testing will still require urinalysis (UA), as well, as hair follicle drug testing is not yet allowed to be used by carriers as a substitute for UA testing to satisfy Federal requirements, and pre-employment screening is required by the FMCSA. Trucking companies can, and may, use hair follicle results internally against drivers and potential drivers, but cannot report it to the DOT as a failed test.
Information on trucking companies that are performing hair follicle drug testing is updated on a regular basis, based on information as we get it, and is as accurate as possible. Be advised that the lists of companies that do hair follicle drug testing is based on reports from actual and potential truck drivers, and NOT the trucking companies themselves.
A CDL is required to drive any of the following vehicles:
The CSA is a Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) initiative to improve large truck and bus safety and ultimately reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities that are related to commercial motor vehicle
The FMCSA was established within the Department of Transportation on January 1, 2000. Their primary mission is to prevent commercial motor vehicle-related fatalities and injuries.
What Does The FMCSA Do?
A department of the federal executive branch responsible for the national highways and for railroad and airline safety. It also manages Amtrak, the national railroad system, and the Coast Guard.
State and Federal DOT Officers are responsible for commercial vehicle enforcement. "The truck police" you could call them.
Commercial trade, business, movement of goods or money, or transportation from one state to another, regulated by the Federal Department Of Transportation (DOT).
A truck drivers DAC report will contain detailed information about their job history of the last 10 years as a CDL driver (as required by the DOT).
It may also contain your criminal history, drug test results, DOT infractions and accident history. The program is strictly voluntary from a company standpoint, but most of the medium-to-large carriers will participate.
Most trucking companies use DAC reports as part of their hiring and background check process. It is extremely important that drivers verify that the information contained in it is correct, and have it fixed if it's not.
Operating While Intoxicated
Darrel Wilson bought his first tractor in 1980 at age 20, but, being too young to meet OTR age requirements, he leased the truck out and hired a driver.
Through growth and acquisition, Wil-Trans now employs over 200 drivers, and has a long-standing partnership with Prime, Inc. to haul their refrigerated freight. The family of businesses also includes Jim Palmer Trucking and O & S Trucking.