Review Questions - Click On The Picture To Begin...
These Questions Come From The Illinois CDL Manual
- preparing shipping papers
- Supplying placards
- Reporting en-route accidents and incidents involving hazardous materials to the proper government agency
- Marking and labeling the materials
Quote From Page 87 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
- Sends products from one place to another by truck, rail, vessel or airplane.
- Uses the hazardous materials regulations to decide the product's:
- Proper shipping name
- Hazard class
- Identification number
- Correct packaging
- Correct label and markings
- Correct placards
- Must package, mark and label the materials, prepare shipping papers, provide emergency response information and supply placards.
- Must certify on the shipping paper that the shipment has been prepared according to the rules (unless you are pulling cargo tanks supplied by you or your employer)
Be sure to understand the different responsibilities for:
- The shipper
- The carrier
- The driver
- Level ground
- A slight decline
- Manual slack adjusters can only be checked with the wheels removed
- A slight incline
Quote From Page 66 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
Check manual slack adjusters on S-Cam brakes: Park on level ground and chock the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving. Turn off the parking brakes so you can move the slack adjusters. Use gloves and pull hard on each slack adjuster that you can get to. If a slack adjuster moves more than about one inch where the push rod attaches to it, it probably needs adjusting. Vehicles with too much brake slack can be very hard to stop. Out-of-adjustment brakes are the most common problem found in roadside inspections. Be safe. Check the slack adjusters.
The manual adjustment of automatic slack adjusters is dangerous because it gives the vehicle operator a false sense of security about the effectiveness of the braking system.
Manual slack adjusters should only be checked while parked on level ground. Be sure to have this memorized as it will come up not only on the written exam, but possibly on your pre-trip exam as well.
- The crosswalk
- Whichever of these is first
- The stop sign
- The stop line
Quote From Page 128 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
If you must stop before making the turn:
- Come to a smooth stop without skidding.
- Come to a complete stop behind the stop line, crosswalk or stop sign.
- If stopping behind another vehicle, stop where you can see the rear tires on the vehicle ahead of you (safe gap).
- Do not let your vehicle roll.
- Keep the front wheels aimed straight ahead.
Make sure you stop before the stop line, crosswalk, or stop sign - whichever comes first. After you've made a complete stop, you can inch forward to get a better view of cross traffic if needed.
- EOBRs must store at least the previous 3 days of log information
- EOBRs must be capable of printing a log sheet
- An EOBR may be used without creating any paper copies
- EOBRs are declining in usage
Quote From Page 0 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
The EOBR device must be capable of displaying or printing for enforcement officers the times of duty status changes and other required information. It must also store this information for the prior 7 days. An EOBR may be used without creating any paper copies of logs by transmitting the data electronically to the carrier, or it may be used to print copies of the logs that would be signed by the driver and mailed to the carrier.
What Is The Future Of EOBRs
Even 5 years ago, the vast majority of major trucking carriers relied on paper logs. But the DOT and FMCSA have begun a historic crackdown on enforcing and regulating, among other things, HOS rules. Violations now effect both the drivers record as well as the carriers safety rating. We are at a turning point where it now makes financial sense for trucking companies to switch over from using paper logs to EOBRs. These electronic recording devices are here to stay and will only grow in usage as time goes on. In fact, on January 31, 2011, the FMCSA proposed a rule that would require Electronic On-Board Recorders for interstate commercial truck and bus companies.
- 9 seconds
- 7 seconds
- 6 seconds
- 8 seconds
Quote From Page 31 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
One good rule for how much space you should keep in front of you is at least 1 second for each 10 feet of vehicle length at speeds below 40 mph. At greater speeds, you must add 1 second for safety. For example, if you are driving a 40-foot vehicle, you should leave 4 seconds between you and the vehicle ahead. In a 60-foot rig, you will need 6 seconds. Over 40 mph, you would need 5 seconds for a 40-foot vehicle and 7 seconds for a 60-foot vehicle.
These types of questions are very common during the written exam and can be a bit confusing as they change the size of the vehicle as well as their speeds. But it's rather simple to calculate: For each 10 feet of vehicle, you need 1 second of following distance. Anything over 40mph, simply add 1 second to your total. Be 100% confident about this formula before taking the written exam as this will probably show up.
- Police Officers
- DOT Officials
- All of these answers are correct
Quote From Page 0 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
Who Enforces HOS Regulations?
Generally, DOT officers are the ones who enforce HOS rules, although any police officer may inspect a driver's logbook. Individual states are responsible for maintaining weigh stations where drivers are pulled in for random vehicle and logbook inspections. Drivers may also be pulled over for random checks by police officers or DOT officials at any time and have their logbooks inspected. While it's not a frequent occurrence, chances are your logbook will be checked every now and then. Be ready for it at all times!
In addition to law enforcement and DOT officials, most carriers have their own company policies regarding logbooks. A drivers logs are frequently reviewed by internal auditors for discrepancies or violations. A driver with too many violations might be warned, disciplined, or terminated (terminating a driver usually only occurs after several violations). The increased use of electronic logging devices has forced carriers to crack down on HOS violations even more.
You should always be prepared for a random inspection. Your logs must always be current. If you get pulled into a weigh station or get pulled over for a random inspection, which does happen, and your logbook is not current, you will be cited for a violation.
The carrier you work for will also have logbook auditors. Companies themselves are required to keep driver logs for a period of time and receive random audits from the DOT. If too many of their drivers have logbook violations, the company can be fined or otherwise penalized. They have an interest in passing those audits so if you cause too many problems for them, they will take action.
- Stand up wind and use a fire extinguisher
- Turn the engine off as soon as possible
- Stop in an open area
- Pull into a service station
Quote From Page 46 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
Knowing how to fight fires is important. Fires have been made worse by drivers who do not know what to do. Know how the fire extinguisher works. Study the instructions printed on the extinguisher before you need it. Follow these procedures in case of a fire:
- Pull off the road: The first step is to get the vehicle off the road and stop.
- Park in an open area, away from buildings, trees, brush, other vehicles or anything that might catch fire.
- Do not pull into a service station.
- Notify emergency services of your problem and your location.
- Select the proper gear to maintain speed an not lug the engine
- Check traffic thoroughly in all directions and move to the right-most or curb lane
- If legal to do so, use the 4-way flashers if traveling too slowly for the flow of traffic
- All of these answers are correct
Quote From Page 130 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
As you approach an upgrade:
- Select the proper gear to maintain speed and not lug the engine.
- Check traffic thoroughly in all directions and move to the right-most or curb lane.
- If legal to do so, use the 4-way flashers if traveling too slowly for the flow of traffic.
Check your local and state laws regarding the use of 4-way flashers while driving slowly. Some states require it, while other states prohibit the practice.
- When the device is contained in a locked, opaque box or similar container or the device is not in the passenger compartment of the vehicle and is not in operation
- When the device is not in working order and/or has its power cable disconnected and batteries removed
- Radar detectors are never allowed inside commercial motor vehicles
- When the device is placed under the drivers seat and not powered on
Quote From Page 12 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
Law prohibits CMVs from being equipped with any instrument designed to detect the presence of, or interfere with, microwaves at frequencies used by police radar for the purpose of monitoring vehicle speed. The term "equipped" means and includes possession or use within a CMV.
A motorist shall not be in violation if the device is contained in a locked, opaque box or similar container or the device is not in the passenger compartment of the vehicle and is not in operation.
- Yes, but only when the Anti-Lock Brake system fails and an emergency arises
- Yes, stab braking should always be used in conjunction with Anti-Lock Brakes
- No, stab braking should never be used if a vehicle is equipped with Anti-Lock Brakes
- Yes, but only on dry surfaces
Quote From Page 67 Of The Illinois CDL Manual:
If the anti-lock brake system fails or malfunctions, the driver must resort to stopping the vehicle by using the normal air-brake method. If an emergency arises, the driver should use the controlled or stab braking method. The anti-lock brake system should be serviced as soon as possible.