TruckingTruth logo

Driver's Handbook on Cargo Securement - Chapter 1: Fundamentals of Cargo Securement

Fundamentals of Cargo Securement

Guiding Principle of Cargo Securement:

What?

Cargo being transported on the highway must remain secured on or within the transporting vehicle.

When?
    The cargo must remain secured on or in the transporting vehicle:
  • Under all conditions that could reasonably be expected to occur in normal driving.
  • When a driver is responding in all emergency situations, EXCEPT when there is a crash.
  • Why?
    • Loss of life
    • Loss of load
    • Damage to the cargo
    • Damage to the vehicle
    • Issuance of citations/fines to driver/carrier
    • The vehicle being placed Out-of-Service.
    • A crash
    Note:

    It is assumed that heavy loads carried under special permits would be subject to securement standards contained in the special permit, which may differ from the North American Cargo Securement Standard. Check with your Federal, Provincial, or State government for any permit requirements.

    North American Cargo Securement Standard

    What does the Standard cover? (Section 1.1)

      Vehicles

    • Commercial vehicles (including a combination of vehicles) that are operated on a highway and have a gross vehicle rating over 4,500 kg (10,000 lb.)

      Cargo

    • Any cargo and dangerous goods/hazardous materials, including:
      • All general freight.
      • All equipment carried for vehicle operation.
      • Intermodal containers and their contents.
    • Some specific commodities have additional or different securement requirements (see later sections of this Handbook).
    • Additional requirements under separate regulations may also apply for transportation of certain types of dangerous goods or hazardous materials.
    Note:

    It is assumed that heavy loads carried under special permits would be subject to securement standards contained in the special permit, which may differ from the North American Cargo Securement Standard. Check with your Federal, Provincial, or State government for any permit requirements.

    Related Cargo Securement Terms That Every Driver Should Know:

    • Anchor point:

      Part of the structure, fitting, or attachment on a vehicle or cargo to which a tiedown is attached.

    • Deck:

      The load carrying area of a truck, trailer, or intermodal container.

    • Wedge:

      A tapered piece of material, thick at one end and thin at the other, used to help keep cargo from moving.

    CDL:

    Commercial Driver's License (CDL)

    A CDL is required to drive any of the following vehicles:

    • Any combination of vehicles with a gross combined weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 or more pounds, providing the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of the vehicle being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds.
    • Any single vehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 or more pounds, or any such vehicle towing another not in excess of 10,000 pounds.
    • Any vehicle, regardless of size, designed to transport 16 or more persons, including the driver.
    • Any vehicle required by federal regulations to be placarded while transporting hazardous materials.

    Intermodal:

    Transporting freight using two or more transportation modes. An example would be freight that is moved by truck from the shipper's dock to the rail yard, then placed on a train to the next rail yard, and finally returned to a truck for delivery to the receiving customer.

    In trucking when you hear someone refer to an intermodal job they're normally talking about hauling shipping containers to and from the shipyards and railyards.

    Out-of-Service:

    When a violation by either a driver or company is confirmed, an out-of-service order removes either the driver or the vehicle from the roadway until the violation is corrected.

Review Questions - Click On The Picture To Begin...

In cargo securement, a wedge is defined as:
  • The depression formed between two cylindrical articles when they are laid with their eyes horizontal and parallel against each other.
  • A short piece of material, usually wood, nailed to the deck to reinforce blocking.
  • A rail along the side of a vehicle that protects the side of the vehicle from impacts.
  • A tapered piece of material, thick at one end and thin at the other, used to help keep cargo from moving.

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Wedge:

A tapered piece of material, thick at one end and thin at the other, used to help keep cargo from moving.

Next
An anchor point is defined as:
  • A vertical barrier across the front of the deck of a vehicle to prevent forward movement of cargo.
  • A rail along the side of a vehicle that protects the side of the vehicle from impacts.
  • Part of the structure, fitting, or attachment on a vehicle or cargo to which a tiedown is attached.
  • The load carrying area of a truck, trailer, or intermodal container.

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Anchor point:

Part of the structure, fitting, or attachment on a vehicle or cargo to which a tiedown is attached.

Prev
Next
What types of freight need to be secured properly?
  • All freight should always be properly secured while driving.
  • Hazardous materials.
  • Equipment used for vehicle operation.
  • Intermodal containers.

Quote From The CDL Manual:

    Cargo

  • Any cargo and dangerous goods/hazardous materials, including:
    • All general freight.
    • All equipment carried for vehicle operation.
    • Intermodal containers and their contents.
  • Some specific commodities have additional or different securement requirements (see later sections of this Handbook).
  • Additional requirements under separate regulations may also apply for transportation of certain types of dangerous goods or hazardous materials.
Prev
Next
Which of the following is not a reason why loads should be secured?
  • Make it look pretty
  • Prevent loss of load
  • Prevent damage to the cargo
  • Avoid fines and citations

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Why?
  • Loss of life
  • Loss of load
  • Damage to the cargo
  • Damage to the vehicle
  • Issuance of citations/fines to driver/carrier
  • The vehicle being placed Out-of-Service.
  • A crash
Prev
Next
The North American Cargo Securement Standard cover vehicles weighing:
  • Less than 10,000 lbs
  • Over 10,000 lbs
  • 26,001 lbs
  • Over 4,500 lbs

Quote From The CDL Manual:

North American Cargo Securement Standard

What does the Standard cover? (Section 1.1)

    Vehicles

  • Commercial vehicles (including a combination of vehicles) that are operated on a highway and have a gross vehicle rating over 4,500 kg (10,000 lb.)
Prev
Next
The load carrying area of a truck, trailer, or intermodal container is referred to as the:
  • Well
  • Headboard
  • Deck
  • Bulkhead

Quote From The CDL Manual:

Deck:

The load carrying area of a truck, trailer, or intermodal container.

Prev
Finish
Please select an option
[4,3,1,1,2,3]
6

Join Us!

We have an awesome set of tools that will help you understand the trucking industry and prepare for a great start to your trucking career. Not only that, but everything we offer here at TruckingTruth is 100% free - no strings attached! Sign up now and get instant access to our member's section:
High Road Training Program Logo
  • The High Road Training Program
  • The High Road Article Series
  • The Friendliest Trucker's Forum Ever!
  • Email Updates When New Articles Are Posted

About Us

TruckingTruth was founded by Brett Aquila (that's me!), a 15 year truck driving veteran, in January 2007. After 15 years on the road I wanted to help people understand the trucking industry and everything that came with the career and lifestyle of an over the road trucker. We'll help you make the right choices and prepare for a great start to your trucking career.

Read More

Becoming A Truck Driver

Becoming A Truck Driver is a dream we've all pondered at some point in our lives. We've all wondered if the adventure and challenges of life on the open road would suit us better than the ordinary day to day lives we've always known. At TruckingTruth we'll help you decide if trucking is right for you and help you get your career off to a great start.

Learn More