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9.3.6 – Shipper's Certification

When the shipper packages hazardous materials, he/she certifies that the package has been prepared according to the rules. The signed shipper's certification appears on the original shipping paper. The only exceptions are when a shipper is a private carrier transporting his/her own product and when the package is provided by the carrier (for example, a cargo tank).

Unless a package is clearly unsafe or does not comply with the HMR, you may accept the shipper's certification concerning proper packaging. Some carriers have additional rules about transporting hazardous materials. Follow your employer's rules when accepting shipments.

9.3.7 – Package Markings and Labels

Shippers print required markings directly on the package, an attached label, or a tag. An important package marking is the name of the hazardous material. It is the same name as the one on the shipping paper. The requirements for marking vary by package size and material being transported. When required, the shipper will put the following on the package:

  • The name and address of shipper or consignee.
  • The hazardous material’s shipping name and identification number.
  • The labels required.

Compare the shipping paper to the markings and labels. Always make sure that the shipper shows the correct basic description on the shipping paper and verifies that the proper labels are shown on the packages. If you are not familiar with the material, ask the shipper to contact your office.

If rules require it, the shipper will put RQ, MARINE POLLUTANT, BIOHAZARD, HOT, or INHALATION-HAZARD on the package. Packages with liquid containers inside will also have package orientation markings with the arrows pointing in the correct upright direction. The labels used always reflect the hazard class of the product. If a package needs more than one label, the labels must be close together, near the proper shipping name.

9.3.8 – Recognizing Hazardous Materials

Learn to recognize shipments of hazardous materials. To find out if the shipment includes hazardous materials, look at the shipping paper. Does it have:

  • An entry with a proper shipping name, hazard class and identification number?
  • A highlighted entry or one with an “X” or “RQ” in the hazardous materials column?

Other clues suggesting hazardous materials include:

  • What business is the shipper in (e.g., paint dealer; chemical supply; scientific supply house; pest control or agricultural supplier; or explosives, munitions or fireworks dealer).
  • Are there tanks with diamond labels or placards on the premises?
  • What type of package is being shipped? Cylinders and drums are often used for hazardous materials shipments.
  • Is a hazard class label, proper shipping name or identification number on the package?
  • Are there any handling precautions?

9.3.9 – Hazardous Waste Manifest

When transporting hazardous waste, you must sign by hand and carry a Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest. The name and EPA registration number of the shippers, carriers, and destination must appear on the manifest. Shippers must prepare, date and sign by hand the manifest. Treat the manifest as a shipping paper when transporting the waste.

Only give the waste shipment to another registered carrier or disposal/treatment facility. Each carrier transporting the shipment must sign by hand the manifest. After you deliver the shipment, keep your copy of the manifest. Each copy must have all needed signatures and dates, including those of the person to whom you delivered the waste.

Multiple-Choice Questions:

Question #406 (1 of 2)

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To find out if the shipment includes hazardous materials, look at the shipping paper. What should it have?

  • An entry on the shipping papers with a proper shipping name, hazard class, and identification number
  • A highlighted entry or one with an “X” or “RQ” on the shipping papers in the hazardous materials column
  • All these are indications of hazardous materials
  • A hazard class label, proper shipping name, or identification number on the package

Learn to recognize shipments of hazardous materials. To find out if the shipment includes hazardous materials, look at the shipping paper. Does it have:

  • An entry with a proper shipping name, hazard class and identification number?
  • A highlighted entry or one with an “X” or “RQ” in the hazardous materials column?

Is there a hazard class label, proper shipping name, or identification number on the package?

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Question #405 (2 of 2)

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With regard to hazardous materials, what is the "shipper's certification?"

  • The shipper is certifying the carrier to haul hazardous materials
  • The shipper is certifying that the package has been prepared according to the rules.
  • The federal government is certifying the shipper to ship hazardous materials
  • All these are correct
When the shipper packages hazardous materials, he/she certifies that the package has been prepared according to the rules. The signed shipper's certification appears on the original shipping paper.
The shipper's certification is a quality control and responsibility measure. The shipper is declaring that they've followed all procedures regarding packaging and warning labels.
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