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10.3 – Emergency Exit and Evacuation

An emergency situation can happen to anyone, anytime or anywhere. It could be a crash, a stalled school bus on a railroad-highway crossing or in a high-speed intersection, an electrical fire in the engine compartment, a medical emergency to a student on the school bus, etc. Knowing what to do in an emergency — before, during, and after an evacuation — can mean the difference between life and death.

10.3.1 – Planning for Emergencies

Determine Need to Evacuate Bus. The first and most important consideration is for you to recognize the hazard. If time permits, school bus drivers should contact their dispatcher to explain the situation before making a decision to evacuate the school bus.

As a general rule, student safety and control are best maintained by keeping students on the bus during an emergency and/or impending crisis situation, if so doing does not expose them to unnecessary risk or injury. Remember: The decision to evacuate the bus must be a timely one.

A decision to evacuate should include consideration of the following conditions:

  • Is there a fire or danger of fire?
  • Is there a smell of raw or leaking fuel?
  • Is there a chance the bus could be hit by other vehicles?
  • Is the bus in the path of a sighted tornado or rising waters?
  • Are there downed power lines?
  • Would removing students expose them to speeding traffic, severe weather or a dangerous environment, such as downed power lines?
  • Would moving students complicate injuries such as neck and back injuries and fractures?
  • Is there a hazardous spill involved? Sometimes, it may be safer to remain on the bus and not come in contact with the material.

Mandatory Evacuations. The driver must evacuate the bus when:

  • The bus is on fire or there is a threat of a fire.
  • The bus is stalled on or adjacent to a railroad-highway crossing.
  • The position of the bus may change and increase the danger.
  • There is an imminent danger of collision.
  • There is a need to evacuate quickly because of a hazardous materials spill.

Multiple-Choice Questions:

Question #476 (1 of 2)

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As a general rule, what is the best thing to do as a school bus driver for student safety and control during an emergency and/or impending crisis?

  • None of these are correct
  • Always get the students off the bus immediately
  • Always keep the students on the bus until help arrives
  • Keeping students on the bus if doing so does not expose them to unnecessary risk or injury
As a general rule, student safety and control are best maintained by keeping students on the bus during an emergency and/or impending crisis, if so doing does not expose them to unnecessary risk or injury
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Question #477 (2 of 2)

Give a brief explanation of the problem:

Optional: Leave your email address if you would like a reply:

Report Cancel

A school bus driver must evacuate the bus when:

  • The position of the bus may change and increase the danger.
  • The bus is stalled on or adjacent to a railroad-highway crossing.
  • The bus is on fire or there is a threat of a fire.
  • Any of these situations occur

Mandatory Evacuations. The driver must evacuate the bus when:

  • The bus is on fire or there is a threat of a fire.
  • The bus is stalled on or adjacent to a railroad-highway crossing.
  • The position of the bus may change and increase the danger.
  • There is an imminent danger of collision.
  • There is a need to evacuate quickly because of a hazardous materials spill.
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