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9.8 – Hazardous Materials Glossary (continued)

Hazardous Substance — A material, including its mixtures and solutions, that:

  • 1. Is listed in Appendix A to Sec. 172.101;
  • 2. Is in a quantity, in one package, which equals or exceeds the reportable quantity (RQ) listed in Appendix A to Sec. 172.101; and
  • 3. When in a mixture or solution:
    • (i) For radionuclides, conforms to Paragraph 7 of Appendix A to Sec. 172.101.
    • (ii) For other than radionuclides, is in a concentration by weight which equals or exceeds the concentration corresponding to the RQ of the material.

This definition does not apply to petroleum products that are lubricants or fuels (see 40 CFR 300.6).

Hazardous Waste — For the purposes of this chapter, means any material that is subject to the Hazardous Waste Manifest Requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency specified in 40 CFR Part 262.

Intermediate Bulk Container (IBC) — A rigid or flexible portable packaging, other than a cylinder or portable tank, which is designed for mechanical handling. Standards for IBCs manufactured in the United States are set forth in sub-parts N and O Sec. 178.

Limited Quantity — The maximum amount of hazardous material for which there may be specific labeling or packaging exception.

Marking — The descriptive name, identification number, instructions, cautions, weight, specification or UN marks or combinations thereof, required by this subchapter on the outer packaging of hazardous materials.

Mixture — A material composed of more than one chemical compound or element.

Name of Contents — The proper shipping name as specified in Sec. 172.101.

Non-bulk Packaging — A packaging that has:

  • 1. A maximum capacity of 450 L (119 gallons) as a receptacle for a liquid;
  • 2. A maximum net mass less than 400 kg (882 pounds) and a maximum capacity of 450 L (119 gallons) or less as a receptacle for a solid; or
  • 3. A water capacity greater than 454 kg (1,000 pounds) or less as a receptacle for a gas as defined in Sec. 173.115.

N.O.S. — Not otherwise specified.

Outage or Ullage — The amount by which a packaging falls short of being liquid full, usually expressed in percent by volume.

Portable Tank — Bulk packaging (except a cylinder having a water capacity of 1,000 pounds or less) designed primarily to be loaded onto, or on, or temporarily attached to a transport vehicle or ship and equipped with skids, mountings or accessories to facilitate handling of the tank by mechanical means. It does not include a cargo tank, tank car, multi-unit tank car tank, or trailer carrying 3AX, 3AAX, or 3T cylinders.

Proper Shipping Name — The name of the hazardous materials shown in Roman print (not italics) in Sec. 172.101.

P.s.i. or psi — Pounds per square inch.

P.s.i.a. or psia — Pounds per square inch absolute.

Reportable Quantity (RQ) — The quantity specified in Column 2 of the Appendix to Sec. 172.101 for any material identified in Column 1 of the Appendix.

PHMSA — The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590.

Shipper's Certification — A statement on a shipping paper, signed by the shipper, saying he/she prepared the shipment properly according to law. For example: “This is to certify that the above-named materials are properly classified, described, packaged, marked and labeled, and are in proper condition for transportation according to the applicable regulations or the Department of Transportation.” or “I hereby declare that the contents of this consignment are fully and accurately described above by the proper shipping name and are classified, packaged, marked and labeled/placarded, and are in all respects in proper condition for transport by * according to applicable international and national government regulations.”

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A statement on a shipping paper, signed by the shipper, saying he/she prepared the shipment properly according to law is called:

  • Hazmat Spec Sheet
  • Consignee's Index
  • Carrier's Certification
  • Shipper's Certification
Shipper's Certification — A statement on a shipping paper, signed by the shipper, saying he/she prepared the shipment properly according to law.

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