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External Inspection (All Vehicles)

Steering

Steering Box/Hoses

  • Check that the steering box is securely mounted and not leaking. Look for any missing nuts, bolts and cotter keys.
  • Check for power steering fluid leaks or damage to power steering hoses.

Steering Linkage

  • See that connecting links, arms and rods from the steering box to the wheel are not worn or cracked.
  • Check that joints and sockets are not worn or loose and that there are no missing nuts, bolts or cotter keys.

Suspension

Suspension Springs/Air/Torque

  • Look for missing, shifted, cracked or broken leaf springs.
  • Look for broken or distorted coil springs.
  • If vehicle is equipped with torsion bars, torque arms or other types of suspension components, check that they are not damaged and are mounted securely.
  • Air ride suspension should be checked for damage and leaks.

Mounts

  • Look for cracked or broken spring hangers; missing or damaged bushings; and broken, loose or missing bolts, u-bolts or other axle mounting parts. (The mounts should be checked at each point where they are secured to the vehicle frame and axle[s]).

Shock Absorbers

  • See that shock absorbers are secure and that there are no leaks.

Note: Be prepared to perform the same suspension components inspection on every axle (power unit and trailer, if equipped).

Multiple-Choice Questions:

Question #517 (1 of 2)

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When checking the steering box components under the hood, what should you check for?

  • Check for power steering fluid leaks or damage to power steering hoses
  • Look for any missing nuts, bolts and cotter keys
  • Check that the steering box is securely mounted and not leaking
  • All these are correct

Steering Box/Hoses

  • Check that the steering box is securely mounted and not leaking. Look for any missing nuts, bolts and cotter keys.
  • Check for power steering fluid leaks or damage to power steering hoses.
Next
Question #518 (2 of 2)

Give a brief explanation of the problem:

Optional: Leave your email address if you would like a reply:

Report Cancel

When checking the suspension components, what should you check for?

  • Look for missing, shifted, cracked or broken leaf springs.
  • Air ride suspension should be checked for damage and leaks.
  • Look for broken or distorted coil springs.
  • All these are correct

Suspension Springs/Air/Torque

  • Look for missing, shifted, cracked or broken leaf springs.
  • Look for broken or distorted coil springs.
  • If vehicle is equipped with torsion bars, torque arms or other types of suspension components, check that they are not damaged and are mounted securely.
  • Air ride suspension should be checked for damage and leaks.
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