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10.1 – Danger Zones and Use of Mirrors (continued)

10.1.6 – Overhead Inside Rearview Mirror

This mirror is mounted directly above the windshield on the driver’s side area of the bus. This mirror is used to monitor passenger activity inside the bus. It may provide limited visibility directly behind the bus if the bus is equipped with a glass-bottomed rear emergency door. There is a blind spot area directly behind the driver’s seat, as well as a large blind spot area that begins at the rear bumper and that could extend up to 400 feet or more behind the bus. You must use the exterior side mirrors to monitor traffic that approaches and enters this area.

You should position the mirror to see:

  • The top of the rear window in the top of the mirror.
  • All of the students, including the heads of the students right behind you.

10.2 – Loading and Unloading

More students are killed while getting on or off a school bus each year than are killed as passengers inside of a school bus. As a result, knowing what to do before, during, and after loading or unloading students is critical. This section will give you specific procedures to help you avoid unsafe conditions that could result in injuries and fatalities during and after loading and unloading students.

The information in this section is intended to provide a broad overview, but is not a definitive set of actions. It is imperative that you learn and obey the state laws and regulations governing loading/unloading operations in your state.

10.2.1 – Approaching the Stop

Each school district establishes official routes and official school bus stops. All stops should be approved by the school district prior to making the stop. You should never change the location of a bus stop without written approval from the appropriate school district official.

You must use extreme caution when approaching a school bus stop. You are in a very demanding situation when entering these areas. It is critical that you understand and follow all state and local laws and regulations regarding approaching a school bus stop. This would involve the proper use of mirrors, alternating flashing lights, and, when equipped, the moveable stop signal arm and crossing control arm.

When approaching the stop, you should:

  • Approach cautiously at a slow rate of speed.
  • Look for pedestrians, traffic or other objects before, during and after coming to a stop.
  • Continuously check all mirrors.
  • If the school bus is so equipped, activate alternating flashing amber warning lights at least 200 feet (100 in an urban area) or approximately five to 10 seconds before the school bus stop or in accordance with state law.
  • Turn on right-turn signal indicator about 100-300 feet or approximately three to five seconds before pulling over.
  • Continuously check mirrors to monitor the danger zones for students, traffic and other objects.
  • Move as far as possible to the right on the traveled portion of the roadway.

When stopping, you should:

  • Bring the school bus to a full stop with the front bumper at least 10 feet away from students at the designated stop. This forces the students to walk to the bus so you have a better view of their movements.
  • Place transmission in “Park” (if there is no “Park” shift point, place in “Neutral”) and set the parking brake at each stop.
  • Activate alternating red lights when traffic is a safe distance from the school bus and ensure stop arm is extended.
  • Make a final check to see that all traffic has stopped before completely opening the door and signaling students to approach.

Multiple-Choice Questions:

Question #464 (1 of 5)

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When stopping a school bus at a bus stop, what two things must you do?

  • Swing the nose of the bus toward traffic a few feet and reach your arm out the window to signal your intentions to traffic
  • Put the transmission in "park" or "neutral" and set the parking brake
  • All these are correct
  • Release the parking brake and activate the warning buzzer

When stopping, you should:

  • Bring the school bus to a full stop with the front bumper at least 10 feet away from students at the designated stop. This forces the students to walk to the bus so you have a better view of their movements.
  • Place transmission in “Park” (if there is no “Park” shift point, place in “Neutral” and set the parking brake at each stop.
  • Activate alternating red lights when traffic is a safe distance from the school bus and ensure stop arm is extended.
  • Make a final check to see that all traffic has stopped before completely opening the door and signaling students to approach.
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Question #465 (2 of 5)

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When stopping a school bus at a bus stop, what is the last thing you must do before completely opening the door and signaling students to approach?

  • Pump the brakes at least 5 times to reduce air pressure in the parking brakes
  • Make a final check to see that all traffic has stopped
  • Beep the horn to make sure students are paying attention
  • All these are correct

When stopping, you should:

  • Bring the school bus to a full stop with the front bumper at least 10 feet away from students at the designated stop. This forces the students to walk to the bus so you have a better view of their movements.
  • Place transmission in “Park” (if there is no “Park” shift point, place in “Neutral” and set the parking brake at each stop.
  • Activate alternating red lights when traffic is a safe distance from the school bus and ensure stop arm is extended.
  • Make a final check to see that all traffic has stopped before completely opening the door and signaling students to approach.
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Question #463 (3 of 5)

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When stopping a school bus at a bus stop you should stop with the front bumper how far from students, and why?

  • At least 100 feet away from students. This keeps traffic clearly visible in your mirrors
  • At least 50 feet away from students. This gives you time to set the parking brake
  • At least 10 feet away from students. This forces the students to walk to the bus so you have a better view of their movements
  • All these are correct

When stopping, you should:

  • Bring the school bus to a full stop with the front bumper at least 10 feet away from students at the designated stop. This forces the students to walk to the bus so you have a better view of their movements.
  • Place transmission in “Park” (if there is no “Park” shift point, place in “Neutral” and set the parking brake at each stop.
  • Activate alternating red lights when traffic is a safe distance from the school bus and ensure stop arm is extended.
  • Make a final check to see that all traffic has stopped before completely opening the door and signaling students to approach.
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Question #461 (4 of 5)

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When approaching a bus stop in a school bus you should activate your alternating flashing amber warning lights:

  • At least 200 feet (100 in an urban area) or approximately 5 to 10 seconds before the school bus stop
  • No more than 100 feet before the stop or approximately 1 to 5 seconds before the school bus stop
  • At least 500 feet (250 in an urban area) or approximately 10 to 20 seconds before the school bus stop
  • at least 400 feet before the stop or approximately 8 to 12 seconds before the school bus stop

When approaching the stop, you should:

  • Approach cautiously at a slow rate of speed.
  • Look for pedestrians, traffic or other objects before, during and after coming to a stop.
  • Continuously check all mirrors.
  • If the school bus is so equipped, activate alternating flashing amber warning lights at least 200 feet (100 in an urban area) or approximately five to 10 seconds before the school bus stop or in accordance with state law.
  • Turn on right-turn signal indicator about 100-300 feet or approximately three to five seconds before pulling over.
  • Continuously check mirrors to monitor the danger zones for students, traffic and other objects.
  • Move as far as possible to the right on the traveled portion of the roadway.
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Question #462 (5 of 5)

Give a brief explanation of the problem:

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When approaching a bus stop in a school bus you should:

  • Look for pedestrians, traffic or other objects before, during and after coming to a stop.
  • Continuously check mirrors to monitor the danger zones for students, traffic and other objects.
  • All these are correct
  • If the school bus is so equipped, activate alternating flashing amber warning lights at least 200 feet (100 in an urban area) or approximately five to 10 seconds before the school bus stop or in accordance with state law.

When approaching the stop, you should:

  • Approach cautiously at a slow rate of speed.
  • Look for pedestrians, traffic or other objects before, during and after coming to a stop.
  • Continuously check all mirrors.
  • If the school bus is so equipped, activate alternating flashing amber warning lights at least 200 feet (100 in an urban area) or approximately five to 10 seconds before the school bus stop or in accordance with state law.
  • Turn on right-turn signal indicator about 100-300 feet or approximately three to five seconds before pulling over.
  • Continuously check mirrors to monitor the danger zones for students, traffic and other objects.
  • Move as far as possible to the right on the traveled portion of the roadway.
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